The Assessment for Mandibular Movement and Adult Facial Skeletal Structure According to Angle's Classcification

앵글씨 분류에 의한 성인 골격구조 및 하악운동량 평가

  • Kim, Jae-Hyung (Dept. of Oral Medicine, School of Dentistry, Chonnam National University) ;
  • Kim, Byung-Gook (Dept. of Oral Medicine, School of Dentistry, Chonnam National University) ;
  • Choi, Hong-Ran (Dept. of Oral Pathology, School of Dentistry, Chonnam National University)
  • 김재형 (전남대학교 치과대학 구강내과학교실) ;
  • 김병국 (전남대학교 치과대학 구강내과학교실) ;
  • 최홍란 (전남대학교 치과대학 구강병리학교실)
  • Published : 2001.06.30


The purpose of this study was to identify the difference of vertical movement of mandible according to Angle's molar relationship and by skeletal factors affect to vertical movement of mandible. 172(age ranged from 20 to 30) subjects who go to college within territory of Kwangju city without any experience of temporomandibular disorder, extraction and orthodontic treatment. were selected for this study. The subjects were classified into class I(male:30, female:49), class II(male:18, female:24) and class III(male:18, female:33) according to Angle's molar relationship. The distance was measured between incisal edge of maxillary and mandibular central incisor and between bottom of central fossa of maxillary and mandibular 1st molar with ruler. The arch length and width were measured on the diagnostic cast. Cephalometrics were taken and then traced. Landmarks were identified and analyzed. 1. Maximal interincisal opening of male is larger than that of female in class I, class II and class III. Among each group maximal interincisal distance is the largest in class III. Maximal intermolar distance of male is superior to that of female in class I, class II, and class III, but there is no siginficant difference among them. 2. On maximal opening movement of Angle's classification class I and class II, total mandibular length, mandibular ramal length, madibular inferior border length and upper arch width were important variables and facial length, upper arch length and lower arch length had negative relationship to that. On maximal opening movement of Angle's class III, the upper arch length, the lower arch length and anterior facial length were important variables especially when compared with class I and II, and upper arch width had negative relationship. These results suggest that maximal opening movement is affected by facial morphology in all classes, but each group is affected by different facial skeletal variables. Accordingly, facioskeletal variables might be considered as diagnosis and treatment to improve the amount of mouth opening.