Pharmacognostical Evaluation of Seed of Butea monosperma Kuntze

  • Srivastava, Manjoosha (Pharmacognosy and Ethnopharmacology Division, National Botanical Research Institute) ;
  • Srivastava, Sharad Kumar (Pharmacognosy and Ethnopharmacology Division, National Botanical Research Institute) ;
  • Khatoon, Sayyada (Pharmacognosy and Ethnopharmacology Division, National Botanical Research Institute) ;
  • Rawat, A.K.S. (Pharmacognosy and Ethnopharmacology Division, National Botanical Research Institute) ;
  • Mehrotra, Shanta (Pharmacognosy and Ethnopharmacology Division, National Botanical Research Institute)
  • Published : 2002.09.01


Butea monosperma Kuntze, commonly known as 'Palash', is employed in various indigenous systems of medicine against several diseases and almost every part of the plant has diversified medicinal properties. The seeds are used as anthelmintic, aperient, digesti and to treat piles, skin diseases and abdominal troubles. They also have the property of reducing 'Kapha' and 'Vata' (in Ayurveda). In the present paper a detailed pharmacognostical evaluation of seeds has been undertaken. The study includes macro- and micro-scopical details, fluorescence powder study and HPTLC fingerprinting. The seed is characterized by finely ridged seed coat and palisade-like malpighian cells, discontinuous transparent linea lucida in upper half of malpighian layer and simple & oblong hilum. The study also concludes that the seed samples procured from different places have similar morphological and physico-chemical characteristics. These observations are also supported by similar TLC profiles. The estimation of heavy metals (to detect permissible toxic limits), and fatty acid composition have been carried out. An attempt has also been made to see the ecological and edaphic variations, if any.


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