A study on the Food Behavior and Factors Influencing the Food Behavior of the Elderly Living in Incheon

인천광역시 노인의 식생활과 식생활 관련 인자 연구

  • 천종희 (인하대학교 식품영양학과) ;
  • 최은옥 (인하대학교 식품영양학과) ;
  • 우경자 (인하대학교 식품영양학과)
  • Published : 2002.10.31


Food habit, eating-out pattern, smoking and drinking habits of 814 elderly (aged over 60) living in Incheon were surveyed by questionnaire. The ratio of the elderly who have balanced meals at moderate amount was slightly higher in urban area. Urban elderly tended to have mild foods, while rural elderly preferred hot and salty foods. Score for food habit was higher in urban elderly and there was no difference between male and female elderly. Most urban elderly had their meal at the public facilities for elderly, while most rural elderly used general restaurant and public room for elderly. Korean foods were the most favorite menu when ate out. Ratio of elderly who have difficulties in chewing was 21.2 and 39.6% for urban and rural elderly, respectively. Many elderly, especially more than 70% of female elderly, prepared the meals for themselves. Rural elderly smoked and drank more than urban elderly and male elderly did more than female elderly.


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