Analysis of Aroma Pattern of Gastrodiae Rhizoma by the Drying Conditions

건조 방법에 따른 천마의 향기패턴 분석

  • Published : 2002.02.01

Abstract

The study was to analyze aroma patterns of Gastrodiae Rhizoma by the electronic nose with conducing polymer 32 sensors. Response by the electronic nose was analyzed by the principal component analysis (PCA). Sensory evaluation for the organoleptic characteristics of Gastrodiae Rhizoma was also performed. Raw Gastrodiae Rhizoma was very intensive in overall odor and taste. Hot air-dried $60^{\circ}C$ Gastrodiae Rhizoma was relatively weak in overall odor and taste. Intensity of aroma in the electronic nose was the highest in $60^{\circ}C$ hot air-dried Gastrodiae Rhizoma. As quality factor (QF) calcuated from PCA map of normalized pattern data by thirty two sensors showed less than 2, and so aroma pattern among raw, freezed-dried, and hot-air dried Gastrodiae Rhizoma had no difference. When PCA was performed for normalized pattern data by the selected sensitive ten sensors, QF value between raw and $60^{\circ}C$ hot air-dried Gastrodiae Rhizoma was 2.366. Thus aroma pattern of raw and $60^{\circ}C$ hot air-dried Gastrodiae Rhizoma was discriminated in electronic nose.

Keywords

Gastrodiae Rhizoma;electronic nose;sensory evaluation;aroma pattern

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