Volatile Flavor Components and Free Radical Scavenging Activity of Cnidium officinale

천궁(Cnidium officinale)의 휘발성 향기성분 및 유리기 소거활성

  • Lee, Ji-Hye (Department of Food and Nutrition, Duksung Women's University) ;
  • Choi, Hyang-Sook (Department of Food and Nutrition, Duksung Women's University) ;
  • Chung, Mi-Sook (Department of General Education, Duksung Women's University) ;
  • Lee, Mie-Soon (Department of Food and Nutrition, Duksung Women's University)
  • 이지혜 (덕성여자대학교 식품영양학과) ;
  • 최향숙 (덕성여자대학교 식품영양학과) ;
  • 정미숙 (덕성여자대학교 교양학부) ;
  • 이미순 (덕성여자대학교 식품영양학과)
  • Published : 2002.04.01


This study was performed to develop natural spices and functional foods using Cheongung (Cnidium officinale) which is one of the Korean medicinal plants. The volatile flavor patterns of Cnidium officinale were detected by electronic nose with 6 metal oxide sensors, and the principal component analysis was carried out. The volatile flavor components of Cnidium officinale were isolated by simultaneous steam-distillation extraction with pentane and diethylether (1 : 1), and essential oils were analyzed by capillary GC and GC/MS. The free radical scavenging activity of ethanol and methanol extracts from Cnidium officinale was measured by using 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) and compared with ${\alpha}-tocopherol$ as reference. The principal component analysis showed the difference of principal components between fresh and drying samples. Eighty-five volatile flavor components (643.64 ppm) from fresh Cnidium officinale were identified and the major components were butyl phthalide, sabinene, neocnidilide. Sixty-four volatile flavor components (218.15 ppm) from hot air dried one were identified and the major components were butyl phthalide, sabinene, 3-N-butyl phthalide. And 73 volatile flavor components (784.15 ppm) from freeze dried one were identified and the major components were butyl phthalide, sabinene, ${\beta}-selinene$. The free radical scavenging activity of methanol cold extract (500 ppm) of freeze dried Cnidium officinale was higher than other samples. And methanol and ethanol cold extracts (above 250 ppm) of freeze dried sample were higher than ${\alpha}-tocopherol$ $25\;{\mu}M$ (22.34%).


Cnidium officinale;volatile flavor;electronic nose;free radical scavenging activity


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