Characterization and Action Mode of Anti-Complementary Substance Prepared from Lactobacillus plantarum

Lactobacillus plantarum 균체 중 항보체 활성물질의 특성과 작용양식

  • Published : 2002.04.01

Abstract

Among 12 lactic acid bacteria examined for their abilities to activate the complement system by hemolytic complement assay $(TCH_{50})$, Lactobacillus plantarum previously isolated from Kimchi showed high anti-complementary activity. The anti-complementary activity of the cell wall fraction of L. plantarum was more potent than that of the cytosol fraction, and both activities showed dose dependency. These high activities of the cytosol and the cell wall fractions were relatively resistant to the digestion with pronase, but sharply decreased after the treatment of $NaIO_4$. These results suggested that the complement activation by the cytosol and the cell wall fractions was mainly due to their polysaccharides. By the cross-immunoelectrophoresis using anti-human C3, the C3 activation products from both fractions were identified in $Ca^{++}$-free condition. Anti-complementary activity $(ITCH_{50})$ of the cell wall fraction was retained under the same condition, whereas that of the cytosol fraction was reduced considerably. From these results, it was inferred that the mode of complement activation by the cell wall fraction was mainly via alternative pathway, and that of the cytosol fraction was via both alternative and classical pathways.

Keywords

Lactobacillus plantarum;anti-complementary activity;classical pathway;alternative pathway

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