Cultural Characteristics of Lactobacillus amylovorus IMC-1 Producing Antibacterial Substance

항균성 물질을 생산하는 Lactobacillus amylovorus IMC-1의 배양학적 특성

  • Published : 2002.04.01

Abstract

To determine the abilities as both lactic starter and probiotics for fermented foods, we investigated the potency of acid production, proteolytic activity and lactose metabolism of Lactobacillus amylovorus IMC-1. And the strain was cultured with lactococci in 10% skim milk medium. It was also examined the bactericidal action of antibacterial substance, produced by the strain IMC-1, against pathogenic bacteria. L. amylovorus IMC-1 showed excellent production of acid in 10% skim milk supplemented with yeast extract, and produced 0.8 and 2.7% of acid at 12 and 72 h incubation, respectively. It was found that the activity of ${\beta}-galactosidase$, about $39\;{\mu}M/minute/dry$ cell weight (mg), was stronger than that of $phospho-{\beta}-galactosidase$ in the strain IMC-1. The strain showed weak proteolytic activity in 10% skim milk, thus it produced 6 and $69\;{\mu}g/mL$ of free tyrosine at 12 and 72 h cultivation, respectively. It was known that the strain utilized mainly ${\alpha}-casein$ than ${\beta}-casein$ from patterns of SDS-PAGE. Mixed culture produced more acid than single cultures of L. amylovorus IMC-1 and Streptococcus thermophilus NIAI 510. Single culture of Str. thermophilus and mixed culture showed increasing cheese flavor with incubation times. Optimal fermentation time of mixed culture for the acid production and flora of lactic starter was 16 and 12 h by adding 0.1 and 0.5% of yeast extract to 10% skim milk, respectively. Antibacterial substance produced by the strain IMC-1 reduced about 2 log of the viable cell counts of both Escherichia coli O157 and Shigella flexneri after 24 and 4 h incubation, and they were not detected after 48 and 6 h incubation, respectively.

Keywords

Lactobacillus amylovorus;lactic starter;probiotics;mixed culture;bactericidal action

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