The Effect of Processing Condition on Physicochemical Characteristics in Pine Nut Gruel

잣죽의 제조조건이 이화학적 특성에 미치는 영향

  • Published : 2002.04.01

Abstract

The physicochemical characteristics of pine nuts gruel were investigated to find the effects of processing condition during the processing. Three-dimensional response surface methodology was applied to investigate effects of ratio of water volume and pine nuts weight to rice weight and heating time on dependent variables of the physicochemical characteristics. The dependent variables in physicochemical characteristics were viscosity (cP), spreadability (cm), pH, soluble solid content (%), color, total sugar (%) and amylose content (%). The F-value of ratio of water volume and pine nuts weight to rice weight and heating time to viscosity were 8.91, 4.54 and 5.02 respectively and they are significantly different at 5% level. The F-value to spreadability were 5.44, 7.88 and 8.04 respectively and they are significantly different at 5% level. These results suggest that water volume, pine nuts weight and heating time greatly affect the viscosity and spreadability of pine nuts gruel. The processing condition also affect the soluble solid content. The changes of the processing condition did not affect the pH of pine nuts gruel. We found that the L, a, b value were affected more by ratio of water volume and pine nuts weight to rice weight than by heating time. The water volume affected more the total sugar and amylose content of pine nuts gruel than pine nuts weight and heating time.

Keywords

pine nut;gruel;processing condition;physicochemical characteristics

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