DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Changes in Maternal Blood Glucose and Plasma Non-Esterified Fatty Acid during Pregnancy and around Parturition in Twin and Single Fetus Bearing Crossbred Goats

  • Khan, J.R. (Dairy Cattle Physiology Division, National Dairy Research Institute) ;
  • Ludri, R.S. (Dairy Cattle Physiology Division, National Dairy Research Institute)
  • Received : 2001.07.09
  • Accepted : 2001.10.24
  • Published : 2002.04.01

Abstract

The effects of fetal number (single or twin) on blood glucose and plasma NEFA during pregnancy and around parturition were studied on ten Alpine ${\times}$ Beetal crossbred goats in their first to third lactation. The animals were divided in-groups 1(carrying single fetus, n=4) and 2(twin fetus, n=6). The samples were drawn on day1 after estrus and then at 14 days interval (fortnight) for 10 fortnights. Around parturition the samples were taken on days -20, -15, -10, -5, -4, -3, -2, -1 prior to kidding and on day 0 and +1, +2, +3, +4, +5, +10, +15, +20 days post kidding. In twin bearing goats the blood glucose concentration continued to increase from 1st until 4th fortnight and thereafter gradually decline from 5th upto 8th fortnight. In single bearing goats there was increase in levels from 2nd upto 4th fortnight and thereafter it declined from 5th uptill 9th fortnight. The difference in sampling interval was highly significant (p<0.01) in both the groups. However the values were higher in single than in twin bearing goats. The plasma NEFA concentration was low in both the groups' upto 4th fortnight and thereafter it is continuously increased upto 9th fortnight. During prepartum period the blood glucose was higher in single than in twin bearing goats. The values were minimum on the day of kidding in both the groups. During postpartum period the values were significantly (p<0.01) higher in twin than in single fetus bearing goats. The plasma NEFA was significantly (p<0.05) higher in twin than in single fetus bearing goats. The blood glucose and plasma NEFA concentration can be used as index of nutritional status during pregnancy and around parturition in goats.

Keywords

Blood Glucose;Goats;NEFA;Pregnancy

References

  1. Bowden, D. M. 1971. Nonesterified Fatty Acids and ketone bodies in blood as indicators of nutritional status in ruminants. Can. J. Anim. Sci. 51:1-13. https://doi.org/10.4141/cjas71-001
  2. Chaiyabutr, N., A. Faulkner and M. Peaker. 1982. Glucose metabolism in vivo in fed and 48 h starved goats during pregnancy and lactation. Br. J. Nutri. 49:87-94. https://doi.org/10.1079/BJN19820012
  3. Khan, J. R. 1998. Circulatory level of some hormones, metabolites and haematological parameters during pregnancy and parturition in crossbred goats. Ph. D. Thesis. National Dairy Research Institute (Deemed University) Karnal, India.
  4. Mbassa, G. K. and J. S. D. Poulsen. 1991. Influence of pregnancy, lactation and environment on haematological profiles in Danish Landrace goats of different parity. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 100:403-412. https://doi.org/10.1016/0305-0491(91)90394-S
  5. Lindsay, D. B. 1973. In: Production Diseases in Farm Animals (Ed. J. M. Eare and B. F. Sanson). Bailliere Tindall, London. p. 107.
  6. Veron, G. W. 1980. Lipid metabolism in adipose tissue of ruminant animals. Progress in Lipids Research 19:23. https://doi.org/10.1016/0163-7827(80)90007-7
  7. Bell, A. W. and R. A. Ehrhardt. 2000. Regulation of macronutrient partitioning between maternal and conceptus tissues in the pregnant ruminants. In: Ruminant Physiology. Digestion, metabolism, growth and reproduction. Ed. PB Cronje, CABI Publishing CAB International, Oxon, UK. pp. 275-276.
  8. Reid, R. L. and N. T. Hinks. 1962. Studies on carbohydrate metabolism of sheep.xvii.Feed requirement and voluntary feed intake in late pregnancy with reference to prevention of hypoglycemia and hyperktonaemia. Aust. J. Agr. Res. 13:1092-1111. https://doi.org/10.1071/AR9621092
  9. Oddy, V. H., J. M. Gooden, G. M. Hough, E. Teleni and E. F. Annison. 1985. Partitioning of nutrients in Merino ewes. II Glucose utilization by skeletal muscle, the pregnant uterus and the lactating mammary gland in relation to whole body glucose utilization. Aust. J. Bio. Sci. 38:95-108.
  10. Wilson, S. 1984. The metabolism of fatty acids in undernourished pregnant ewes. Can. J. Anim. Sci. 94:246-247.
  11. Oser, B. L. 1965. Hawks Physiological Chemistry 14th Ed. Tata Mc Graw Hill, New Delhi, India.
  12. Hay, W. W. Jr, J. W. Sparks, R. B. Wilkening, F. C. Battaglia and G. Meschia. 1983. Partitioning of maternal glucose production between conceptus and maternal tissue in sheep. Am. J. Physiol. 245:347-350.
  13. Prior, R. L. and R. K. Christenson. 1978. Insulin and glucose effect on glucose metabolism in pregnant and non-pregnant ewes. J. Anim. Sci. 46:201-210. https://doi.org/10.2527/jas1978.461201x
  14. Snedecor, G. W. and W. C. Cochran. 1989. Statistical Methods.8th Ed. Iowa State University Press, Ames, Iowa.
  15. Bergman, E. N. 1983.The pool of nutrients.: Glucose. In dynamic biochemistry of animal production.World Animal Science'A' Basic information 3, Riss, PM(edn) Elsevire publ. Amsterdam The Netherlands. pp. 173-196.
  16. Faulkner, A. 1983. Fetal and neonatal metabolism. In: Nutritional Physiology of Farm Animals (Ed. J. A. F. Rook and P. C. Thomas). Longman Publication. London, pp. 203-242.
  17. Leury, B. J., A. R. Bird, K. D. Chandler and A. W. Bell. 1990. Glucose partitioning in the pregnant ewe: Effect of under nutrition and exercise. Br. J. Nutr. 64:449-462. https://doi.org/10.1079/BJN19900045
  18. Hay, W. W. Jr. and H. K. Meznarich. 1988. Effect of maternal glucose concentration on uteroplacental glucose consumption and transfer in pregnant sheep. Proc. Soc. Exp. Bio. Med. 190:63-69.
  19. Shipe, W. F., G. F. Senyk and K. B. Fountain. 1980. Modified copper soap solvent extraction method for measuring free fatty acid in milk. J. Dairy Sci. 63:193-198. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(80)82913-4
  20. Lindsay, D. B. 1974. Metabolism in the whole animal. Proc. Nutri. Soc. 38:295.
  21. MohyEl-Deen, A. M., A. Hassan, M. Samak and R. Ablezz. Zahraa. 1985. Changes in milk and certain blood components of crossbred goats and their correlation associated with lactation, pregnancy and dry season. World Rev. Anim. Prod. 21:36-40.
  22. Hussain, Q., O. Havrevoll, L. O. Eik and E. Ropstad. 1996. Effect of energy intake on plasma glucose, non-esterified fatty acid and acetoacetate concentration in pregnant goats. Small Ruminant Res. 21:89-96. https://doi.org/10.1016/0921-4488(96)00866-8
  23. Morant-Fehr, P., D. B. Sauvant and A. Rouzean. 1977. Parameters indicating nutritional status of goats. Zootechnica. 19:195-203.