- Volume 15 Issue 11
Influence of dietary sesame meal on plasma glucose, non-esterified fatty acid (NEFA), triglyceride, total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol and urea concentrations in goats was examined. Goats were fed a control diet (50% timothy hay and 50% concentrates) (CD) or a sesame meal diet (50% timothy hay, 25% concentrates and 25% sesame meal) (SMD) during 12 days. Blood samples were taken after overnight fasting and afternoon every day. Body weight was not changed by feeding either CD or SMD. The concentrations of plasma triglyceride and urea were higher (p<0.05) in goats fed SMD than those fed CD. Plasma NEFA concentration was higher in plasma samples after overnight fasting. Plasma glucose concentration in plasma samples collected afternoon was higher than those after overnight fasting. Plasma total cholesterol concentration was significantly increased by feeding SMD but not by feeding CD, which was due to the remarkable increase of plasma HDL-cholesterol concentration. In conclusion, dietary sesame meal brought about an increase in plasma total cholesterol concentration accompanied with an increment in plasma HDL-cholesterol consentration in goats.
Sesame Meal;Plasma HDL-cholesterol;Goats
- Agriculture, forestry and fisheries research council secretariat, MAFF. 1995. Standard tables of feed composition in Japan.
- Kang, M. H., M. Naito, K. Sakai, K. Uchida and T. Osawa. 2000. Mode of action of sesame lignans in protecting low-density lipoprotein against oxidative damage in vitro. Life Sci. 66: 161-171. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0024-3205(99)00574-3
- Sahlu, T., J. M. Fernandez, C. D. Lu and R. Manning. 1992. Dietary protein level and ruminal degradability for mohair production in Angora goats. J. Anim. Sci. 70:1526-1533.
Yamashita, K., Y. Iizuka, T. Imai and M. Namiki. 1995. Sesame seed and its lignans produce marked enhancement on vitamin E activity in rats fed a low
$\alpha$-tocopherol diet. Lipids. 30: 1019-1028. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02536287
- National Research Council. 1981. Nutrient Requirements of Goats. National Academy Press, Washington, DC, USA.
- Hirata, F., K. Fujita, Y. Ishikura, K. Hosoda, T. Ishikawa and H. Nakamura. 1996. Hypocholesterolemic effect of sesame lignan in humans. Atherosclerosis. 122:135-136. https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9150(95)05769-2
- Schwalm, J. W. and L. H. Schultz. 1976. Blood and liver metabolites in fed and fasted diabetic goats. J. Dairy. Sci. 59:262-269. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(76)84193-8
- Kang, M. H., M. Naito, N. Tsujihara and T. Osawa. 1998. Sesamolin inhibits lipid peroxidation in rat liver and kidney. J. Nutr. 128:1018-1022.
Yamashita, K., Y. Nohara, K. Katayama and M. Namiki. 1992. Sesame seed lignans and
$\gamma$-tocopherol act synergistically to produce vitamin E activity in rats. J. Nutr. 122:2440-2446.
- Hirose, N., T. Inoue, K. Nishihara, M. Sugano, K. Akimoto, S. Shimizu and H. Yamada. 1991. Inhibition of cholesterol absorption and synthesis in rats by sesamin. J. Lipid Res. 32: 629-638.
- Cheva-Isarakul, B. and S. Tangtaweewipat. 1993. Sesame meal as soybean meal substitute in poultry diets: II. Laying hen. Asian-Aus. J. Anim. Sci. 6:253-258.
- Gaal, T., M. Mezes, O. Miskucza and P. Ribiczey-Szabo. 1993. Effect of fasting on blood lipid peroxidation parameters of sheep. Res. Vet. Sci. 55:104-107.
- Satchithanandam, S., M. Reicks, R. J. Calvert, M. M. Cassidy and D. Kritchevsky. 1993. Coconut oil and sesame oil affect lymphatic absorption of cholesterol and fatty acids in rats. J. Nutr. 123:1852-1858.