Use of Undecorticated Sunflower Cake as a Critical Protein Supplement in Sheep and Goats Fed Wheat Straw

DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Dutta, Narayan;Sharma, K.;Naulia, Uma

  • 투고 : 2001.10.08
  • 심사 : 2002.01.14
  • 발행 : 2002.06.01

초록

The effect of undecorticated sunflower cake (USFC) as critical protein supplement was assessed and compared with deoiled groundnut cake (DGNC) in adult goats and sheep. The animals were fed a basal diet of wheat straw ad libitum and supplemented with either USFC or DGNC to meet their protein requirement for maintenance. Total dry-matter intake by sheep and goats (g/kg $BW^{0.75}$) on USFC was similar to their counterparts on DGNC supplemented group. However, while intake of cake moiety was significantly (p<0.05) higher in USFC, the intake of wheat straw was significantly (p<0.05) higher by animals on DGNC. Digestibility of various nutrients, except lower crude protein digestibility by goats in USFC group, did not differ significantly between animals given DGNC or USFC. DCP and TDN concentration (% DM) was comparable in sheep and goats irrespective of dietary supplement. Similarly, the intake (g/kg $W^{0.75}$) of DCP, DDM, DOM, and TDN was similar between DGNC and USFC in both sheep and goats. It may be concluded that undecorticated sunflower cake is comparable to deoiled groundnut cake as a critical protein supplement to the roughage based diet of small ruminants.

키워드

Sunflower Cake;Protein Supplement;Nutritive Value;Goat;Sheep

참고문헌

  1. Ashok Kumar, V. K. Paliwal and V. Kapoor. 2001. Effect of feeding deoiled sunflower cake on growth and nutrient utilization in crossbred calves. Indian J. Anim. Nutr. 18:217-221.
  2. Devendra, C. 1997. Crop residues for feeding animals in Asia: Technology development and adoption in crop/ livestock systems, In: Crop Residues in Sustainable Mixed Crop/Livestock Farming System (Ed. C. Renard). (CAB International, Wallingford), pp. 241-267.
  3. Dolberg, F. 1992. Progress in the utilization of urea-ammonia treated crop residues: Biological and socio-economic aspects of animal production and application of the technology on small farms. Livestock Research for Rural Development 4: 20-31.
  4. Kiran Singh, G. Habib, M. M. Siddiqui and M. N. M. Ibrahim. 1997. Dynamics of feed resources in mixed farming systems of south Asia. In: Crop Residues in Sustainable Mixed Crop/Livestock Farming Systems (Ed. C. Renard). (CAB International, Wallingford), pp. 113-130.
  5. Mandibaya, W., C. Mutisi, H. Hamudikuwandu and M. Tittertor. 1999. The nutritive value, intake, digestibility and nitrogen balance of farm-grown and prepared sunflower based dairy calf meals. Tropical Animal Heath and Production 31:321-331. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1005207907776
  6. NRC. 1981. Nutrient Requirements of Goats. National Academy of Sciences. National Research Council, Washington, DC.
  7. Topps, J. H. and J. Oliver. 1993. Animal Foods of Central Africa, Zimbabwe Agricultural Technical Handbook No.2. Zimbabwe Agricultural Journal, Modern Farming Publications, Harare, Zimbabwe.
  8. Kearl, L. C. 1982. Nutrient requirement of ruminants in developing countries. Utah Agricultural Experimental Station, Utah State University, International Feedstuffs Institute, Logan, USA.
  9. Kuldip, M. A. Akbar, A. B. Mondal and P. C. Gupta. 1995. Comparative feeding value of sunflower and mustard cake in sheep. Indian J. Anim. Sci. 65:944-946.
  10. Ashok Kumar, V. K. Paliwal and V. Kapoor. 2001. Effect of feeding deoiled sunflower cake on growth and nutrient utilization in crossbred calves. Indian J. Anim. Nutr. 18:217-221.
  11. Nishino, S., S. Kondo and K. Hayashi. 1980. Feeding value of sunflower meal as a replacement for soybean meal in lactating cows. J. College of Dairying Natural Sci. 8:275-284.
  12. Economides, S. 1998. The nutritive value of sunflower meal and its effect on replacing cereal straws in the diets of lactating ewe and goats. Livestock Prod. Sci. 55:89-97. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0301-6226(98)00118-3
  13. Mosi, J. B. and M. H. Butterworth. 1985. The voluntary intake and digestibility of combination of. cereal crop residues and legume hay for sheep. Anim. Feed. Sci. Technol. 12:241-251. https://doi.org/10.1016/0377-8401(85)90001-X
  14. Owen, E. and M. C. M. Jayasuriya. 1989. Use of crop residues as animal feeds in developing countries: A review. Research Development in Agriculture 6:124-128.
  15. Snedecor, G. M. and W. G. Cochran. 1980. Statistical methods. Oxford and IBH Publication Co., New Delhi.
  16. Goering, H. K. and P. J. Van Soest. 1970. Forage, fibre analysis. Agricultural Handbook. No.379. U.S. Department of Agricuture, Washington, DC.
  17. Jodha, N. S. 1986. Common property resources and rural poor in dry regions of India. Economic and Political Weekly 21:1169-1181.
  18. Sihag, S., Vidya Sagar and K. R. Yadav. 1997. Effect of feeding deoiled sunflower cake on milk yield and composition in cross bred cows. Indian J. Dairy Sci. 50:347-351.

피인용 문헌

  1. 1. Desempenho de cordeiros confinados, alimentados com dietas à base de torta de girassol vol.48, pp.4, 2013, doi:10.5713/ajas.2002.834
  2. 2. Desempenho, consumo e morfometria in vivo de cordeiros Santa Inês alimentados com rações contendo torta de girassol em substituição ao farelo de algodão vol.67, pp.2, 2015, doi:10.5713/ajas.2002.834

과제정보

연구 과제 주관 기관 : Indian Council of Agricultural Research (AP-Cessfund)