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감마선(60Co) 조사에 의한 항진균 세균의 돌연변이체 유도

정혜영;김재성;조규성;이영복;이영근
Chung, Hye-Young;Kim, Jae-Sung;Cho, Kyu Seong;Lee, Young-Bok;Lee, Young-Keun

  • 발행 : 2002.09.30

초록

항진균 세균의 특성 및 기능변화 가능성을 조사하기 위하여 버섯폐배지, 온천수, 해조류 및 삼림토양으로부터 식물병원성 진균에 대한 8종의 항진균 활성 균주를 분리하였고 감마선($^{60}Co$)을 이용하여 $LD_{95}$에서 돌연변이체를 유도하였다. Bacillus circulans K1, Burkholderia gladioli K4와 Bacillus subtilis YS1은 12 종의 식물병원성 진균에 대해 항진균 활성을 보였다. 이들 균주의 방사선감수성 조사결과 B. gladioli K4는 감마선에 대한 높은 감수성을 보였으며, $D_{10}$ 값은 0.11 kGy 였다. 감마선에 의해 유도된 K1-1004와 YS1-1009는 Botryosphaeria dothidea에 대해 항진균 활성이 증가되었다. B. subtilis YS1의 돌연변이체인 YS1-1006과 YS1-1009는 tebuconazol과 copper hydroxide에 대해 농약 저항성을 나타냈다. SAR535, SAR5108 과 SAR5l18 돌연변이체는 야생형 균주인 Streptomyces sp. SAR01에 비해 5 종의 식물병원성 진균에 대해 항진균 활성이 없었다. 연구결과, 방사선을 이용하여 다양한 기능의 돌연변이체 유도가 가능하였다. 이를 이용하여 항진균 활성 관련 유전자 연구 및 균주개량이 가능할 것으로 사료된다.

키워드

antifungal activity;bacteria;gamma radiation;mutant

참고문헌

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