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Creep Behavior Analysis of 25Cr-20Ni Stainless Steels by Omega Method

오스테나이트계 25Cr-20Ni 스테인리스강의 Ω법을 이용한 고온 크리프 거동 해석

  • Published : 2002.02.01

Abstract

For two kinds of 25Cr-20Ni stainless steels, STS310J1TB and STS310S with and without a small amount of Nb and N, creep behavior has been studied in a stress and temperature range from 147 to 392 MPa and from 923 to 773 K with a special reference to tertiary creep. The average creep life of STS310J1TB was about 100 times longer than that of the STS310S. The apparent activation energy for the initial creep rate was 330 kJ/mol in STS310J1TB, while that of the STS310S was 274kJ/mol in a power law creep region and 478 kJ/mol in a region of power law breakdown (PLB). The activation energy for STS310S below PLB is close to the for self-diffusion. When compensating for the temperature dependence of the Young's modulus and the omega value, it was found that the apparent activation energy for STS310J1TB was reduced to the activation energy for diffusion of chromium atom in gamma steel. The stress exponent of STS310S was about 12.3 above PLB and 5.1 in a power law creep region. Notwithstanding that the creep condition for STS310J1TB was in a power law creep region, its stress exponent was 7.9 larger than that of STS310S corresponding to the same creep conditions. This was ascribed to the presence of fine precipitates in STS310J1TB.

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