A Study on Gender Identity shown in Movie Costumes from 1930′s to 1990′s -Focused on Masculinity and Feminity-

1930-1990년대 영화 의상에 나타난 젠더 정체성(I) -남성성(Masculinity), 여성성(Feminity)를 중심으로-

  • 정세희 (숙명여자대학교 의류학과) ;
  • 양숙희 (숙명여자대학교 의류학과)
  • Published : 2002.05.01

Abstract

The movie costumes may serve to change individuals'ego identity, shift a gender identity to another one and make multiple and plural gender identities shared. The unique identities shown in movies can influence the audience to the extent that they will imitate characters's costumes or appearance in their real life, replacing their inner, unrealizable and private fantasy with real one. The purpose of this study is to review the movies produced in 1930's and thereafter by categorizing the socio-cultural gender concepts into masculinity and feminity. Masculinity and Feminity are not attributions fixed by some physical characteristics, but it tends to be changed or expended by some social factors over time. In short, it may be a flexible, plural, individual and self-introspecive attribute. Movies present diverse types of masculinity and feminity, and in particular, the movie costumes specify them. In other words, the costumes may be model means expressing the masculinity and feminity, and the gender identities shown in the movies tend to be imitated, re-created or assumed by the audience. All in all, the movie costumes serve to take on the confrontation of masculinity and feminity between inner, unrealizable and private fantasy and external reality and thereby, expand it from internal to external issue and thus, change or reform masculinity and feminity.

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