Effects of Dandelion on Oxygen Free Radical Generating and Scavenging System of Brain in Streptozotocin-Induced Diabetic Rats

서양민들레가 Streptozotocin으로 유발한 당뇨 횐쥐의 뇌조직 중 유해 활성산소 생성 및 제거 효소계에 미치는 영향

  • 김명주 (대구산업정보대학 식품영양과) ;
  • 조수열 (영남대학교 식품영양학과)
  • Published : 2002.06.01


Many studies have shown that hyperglycemia leads to an increase of lipid peroxidation in diabetic patients and animals, reflecting a rise reactive oxygen species production. It is increasingly recognized that brain is another site of diabetic organ damage. Accordingly, this study was to investigate the effect of dandelion on oxygen free radical generating and scavenging system of brain in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats. Male Wistar rats were divided into diabetic (control) and diabetic-dandelion supplemented groups. Dandelion was supplemented for 4 weeks with dandelion leaf and root powder (DLP, DRP) or dandelion leaf and root water extract (DLW, DRW) based on 11.4 g of raw dandelion/kg diet. Diabetes was induced by single injection STZ (55 mg/kg B.W., i.p.)in a citrate buffer. Oxygen free radical generating enzymes, cytochrome P-450, amino-pyrine N-demethylase, aniline hydroxylase and xanthine oxidase, were lowered in dandelion supplemented-groups compared to the control group. Superoxide dismutase, catalase and gluthathione peroxidase activities of brain were also lower in dandelion leaf and root supplemented-group than in the control group, whereas glutathione S-transferase activity and gluthathione content were increased in dandelion supplemented-groups compared to the control group. With regard to the lipid peroxidation products, the malondialdehyde content of brain was lower in dandelion supplemented groups. Therefore, it could be suggested that powder and water extract of dandelion leaf or root are beneficial in preventing diabetic complication from lipid peroxidation and free radical in brain of diabetic rat brain.


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