Classifications of the Skin Colors on Korean women and their Preference Colors of Apparel

한국 여성의 피부색 분류와 의상선호색에 관한 연구

  • Published : 2002.01.01


The textile industry is petting increased effort to manufacture the value-added products that gives the differentiated characters at every level of fiber and fabric production. The color is an important element to be used strategically in order to push up the value-added design. The colors of apparel products have a close relationship with the skin colors of consumers and their preference colors. This study was carried out to cluster the skin colors of the Korean women into several similar skin colors and to analyze their preference colors by the classified groups. We measured the skin colors of 354 Korean women. With color spectrometer, JX-777, we measured 4 points of the body; cheek with removing cosmetics off, forehead, rear neck and arm on the interior part near elbow. All subjects had been shown with 40 color chips and answered the preference colors and preference colors of apparel. Data were analysed to classify skin colors using K-means Cluster Analysis and Duncan test, Frequency and Chi square test on the preference colors about the clustered 3 groups. In doing so, we used in SPSS Win 10 statistical package. Findings were as fellows: 1) The skin colors of the Korean women were clustered into YR, R, and Y skin colors. The majority of the subjects, 324 observations had YR skin colors and the subjects were classified into 3 kinds of skin color groups who had YR skin colors. 2) The average skin colors of total 324 subjects was 5.23YR 6.49/4.09 in Munsell Color System(MCS), 66.56 in L value, 10.53 in a value, and 20.67 in b value. 3) The average skin color of Type 1 was 7.98YR 6.24/4.14 in MCS, 64.10 in L value, 15.05 in a value, and 24.0 in b value. For Type 2 was 7.30 YR 6.56/3.28 in MCS, 67.24 in L value, 6.89 in a value, and 18.4 in b value, and Type 3 was 7.01 YR 7.20/4.38 in MCS, 73.53 in L value, L 16.04 in a value, and 24.87 in b value. 4) The average face color of total 324 subjects was 7.31YR 6.65/3.56 in MCS, 68.13 in L value, 9.53 in a value, and 20.18 in b value. 5) The average face color of Type 1 was 4.19 YR 6.92/5.05 in MCS, 70.78 in L value, 13.2 in a value, and 25.32 in b value. For Type 2 was 5.24YR 6.33/3.79 in MCS, 64.94 in L value, 9.84 in a value, and 19.08 in b value. Type 3 was 5.4YR 6.85/4.68 in MCS, 70.1 in L value, 11.73 in a value, and 23.92 in b value. 6) The difference of mean values between the clustered 3 skin color groups showed significantly different except the a value of neck and H value of cheeks and H value of foreheads. 7) All 3 groups showed that the most preference colors and the most preference colors of apparel was 5R 4/14. and their preference colors were much more than the preference colors of apparel.


  1. Color:The essence of you Cayghill
  2. Clothing and Textiles Research Journal v.9 no.3 Psychological Type, Color Attributes, and Color Preference of Clothing, Textiles, and Design Students Deanna J. Radeloff
  3. Clothing and Textiles Research Journal v.12 no.1 Psychology of Color : Similartities Between Abstract and Clothing Color Preferences Lind,C.
  4. Journal of Home Economics v.55 no.3 Influence of Clothing on Perception of Person H.I.Douty
  5. 피부과학 대한피부과학회 교과서 편찬위원회(편저)
  6. Colors and design Chamlers,B.C.
  7. Journal of Home Economics v.58 no.6 Teen Ager's Appearance and Social Acceptance M.C.Williams;J.B.Eicher
  8. 색채 상품 개발론 김용훈
  9. 피부과학 김병우
  10. 색채이론과 활용 박옥련
  11. 색깔이 운명을 바꾼다 あかしただ(외)
  12. 서울신문 서울신문
  13. 문화인류학 이광규
  14. Color me leantiful ballantine Books Carole Jackson
  15. 복식 no.26 성격특성에 따른 색채의 속성별의 복색 선호도 박화순
  16. 디자인학 연구 v.11 no.3 패키지 디자인에 있어서 색채계획의 고찰 박희성;이동연