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CHARACTERIZATIONS OF THE EXPONENTIAL DISTRIBUTION BY ORDER STATISTICS AND CONDITIONAL

  • Published : 2002.07.01

Abstract

Let X$_1$, X$_2$‥‥,X$\_$n/ be n independent and identically distributed random variables with continuous cumulative distribution function F(x). Let us rearrange the X's in the increasing order X$\_$1:n/ $\leq$ X$\_$2:n/ $\leq$ ‥‥ $\leq$ X$\_$n:n/. We call X$\_$k:n/ the k-th order statistic. Then X$\_$n:n/ - X$\_$n-1:n/ and X$\_$n-1:n/ are independent if and only if f(x) = 1-e(equation omitted) with some c > 0. And X$\_$j/ is an upper record value of this sequence lf X$\_$j/ > max(X$_1$, X$_2$,¨¨ ,X$\_$j-1/). We define u(n) = min(j|j > u(n-1),X$\_$j/ > X$\_$u(n-1)/, n $\geq$ 2) with u(1) = 1. Then F(x) = 1 - e(equation omitted), x > 0 if and only if E[X$\_$u(n+3)/ - X$\_$u(n)/ | X$\_$u(m)/ = y] = 3c, or E[X$\_$u(n+4)/ - X$\_$u(n)/|X$\_$u(m)/ = y] = 4c, n m+1.

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