Estimation of Surface Color with Use of Subjective Feeling: On the Influence of Contrast by Complementary Color

  • Sakamoto, Kazuyoshi (Department of System Engineering, The University of Electro-Communications) ;
  • Wada, Mitsuyoshi (Department of System Engineering, The University of Electro-Communications) ;
  • Min, Byung-Chan (Ergonomics Research Group, KRISS (Korea Research Institute of Standard and Science))
  • Published : 2002.06.01


The unique colors of paper, that is, blue, green, red, and yellow were used in the estimation of color from the subjective feeling. The monochrome with unique color or the unique color surrounded with the background color was presented. subject gazed the monochrome or the unique color, which was tailed target rotor. The target and background color were the complementary color each other. The various ratios of the area of gazed color and background were taken. Subject answered the level of subjective feeling consisted of pair of adjective items for unique color presented. With the use of the subjective feeling for the target color presented, the estimation of the unique color was cai\ulcornerlied out due to Fuzzy theory and neural networks. The results of color difference between unique color presented and the estimated color gave very small value for the case without background, while the results of the case with background color depended on the ratio of area of presented color and background color till the ration of 2:1, The relation showed the Kirschman's law, The color difference saturated In the increase of area of background with the ratio more than 2:1.