Analysis of Surface Forces in Micro Contacts between Rough Surfaces

거친 표면간의 미세 접촉에서의 표면력 해석

  • 김두인 (한양대학교 대학원 기계설계학과/한국과학기술) ;
  • 안효석 (한국과학기술연구원 트라이볼로지연구센터) ;
  • 최동훈 (한양대학교 기계공학부)
  • Published : 2002.10.01


In a micro-scale contact, capillary force and van der Waals interaction significantly influence the contact between asperities of rough surfaces. Little is, however, known about the variation of these surface forces as a function of chemical property of the surface (wet angle), relative humidity and deformation of asperities in the real area of contact. A better understanding of these surface forces is of great necessity in order to find a solution for reducing friction and adhesion of micro surfaces. The objective of this study is to investigate the surface forces in micro-scale rough surface contact. We proposed an effective method to analyze capillary and van der Waals forces in micro-scale contact. In this method, Winkler spring model was employed to analyze the contact of rough surfaces that were obtained from atomic force microscopy (AFM) height images. Self-mated contact of DLC(diamond like carbon) coatings was analyzed, as an example, by the proposed model. It was shown that the capillary force was significantly influenced by relative humidity and wet angle of the DLC surface. The deformation of asperities to a critical magnitude by external loading led to a considerable increase of both capillary and van der Waals forces.


Rough Surface;Micro Contact;Van Der Waals force;Capillary Force;Surface Energy


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