Production of $\alpha$-Glucosidase Inhibitor by $\beta$-Glucosidase Inhibitor-Producing Bacillus lentimorbus B-6

  • Kim, Kyoung-Ja (Department of Life Science, Soonchunhyang University) ;
  • Yang, Yong-Joon (Department of Horticultural Science, Sangmyung University) ;
  • Kim, Jongkee (Department of Horticultural Science, Chungang University)
  • Published : 2002.12.01

Abstract

A soil microorganism producing ${\alpha}$- and ${\beta}$-glucosidase inhibitors was identified as Bacillus lentimorbus, based on the fatty acid and morphological analyses, along with biochemical and physiological tests. The ${\alpha}$-glucosidase inhibitor was highly produced by this strain in a culture medium containing $0.25\%$ of sodium glutamate and $0.5\%$ of glucose, pH 8.0 at $30^{\circ}C$ for 2 days. The ${\alpha}$-glucosidase inhibitor from culture filtrate of his strain was identified as water soluble, organic solvent nonextractable, and heat stable. In addition to ${\alpha}$-glucosidase inhibitor, this strain also produced ${\beta}$-glucosidase inhibitor in he same culture medium and this inhibitor showed an antifugal activity against Botrytis cinerea. While the production of ${\alpha}$- glucosidase inhibitor was decreased by a glucose concentration higher than $1\%$, the production of ${\beta}$-glucosidase inhibitor was lot Influenced by a glucose concentration higher than $20\%$. The ${\alpha}$-glucosidase inhibitor from culture filtrate of this strain was separated from the ${\beta}$-glucosidase inhibitor through Sephadex G-100 column chromatography.

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