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Study on Synthesis and Electromagnetic Properties of Ni- Zn Ferrite Sintered at Low Temperature

저온 소결용 Ni-ZN계 페라이트의 합성 및 전자기적 특성 연구

  • Published : 2002.08.01

Abstract

The Ni-Zn synthetic ferrite were acquired from thermally decomposing the metal nitrates Fe(NO$_3$)$_3$.$9H_2$O, Zn($NO_3$)$_2$.$6H_2$O, Ni($NO_3$)$_2$. $6H_2$O, and Cu($NO_3$)$_2$. $3H_2$O at $150^{\circ}C$ for 24 hours and was calcined at $500^{\circ}C$. Each of those was pulverized for 3, 6, 9, and 12 hours in a steel ball mill and was sintered between $700^{\circ}C$ and $1,000^{\circ}C$ for 1 hour, and then their microstructures and electromagnetic properties were examined. We could make the initial specimens chemically bonded in liquid at the temperature as low as $150^{\circ}C$, by using the melting points less than $200^{\circ}C$ of the metal nitrates instead of the mechanical ball milling, then narrowed a distance between the particles into a molecular level, and thus lowed sintering temperature by at least $200^{\circ}C$ to$ 300^{\circ}C$. Their initial permeability was 50 to 400 and their saturation magnetic induction density and coercive force 2,400 G and 0.3 Oe to 0.5 Oe each, which were similar to those of Ni- Zn ferrite synthesized in the conventional process. In the graph of initial permeability vs frequencies, we could observe a $180^{\circ}C$rotation of the magnetic domain, which appears in a broad band of microwave near the resonance frequency.

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