Adolescent-Mother Discrepancies in Perceptions of Patenting And Adolescent Adjustment

자녀 양육 방식에 대한 청소년과 어머니의 지각 차이와 청소년의 적응

  • Published : 2002.09.01

Abstract

이 연구에서는 어머니의 자녀 양육 행동에 대한 청소년과 어머니간의 지각 차이와 청소년의 적응을 연관시켜 고찰하였다. 자료 수집은 질문지를 통해 이루어졌으며, 참여자들은 미국 동부 소도시에 거주하는 82명의 9 학년 남녀 학생과 어머니들이었다. 자료 분석 결과, 평균적으로는 어머니들이 청소년 자녀들보다 자신의 자녀 양육 행동을 더 긍정적으로 지각했다. 청소년의 적응을 어머니와의 지각 차이에 따라 살펴 본 결과, 어머니의 양육 행동을 어머니 보다 긍정적으로 지각하는 청소년들이 어머니 보다 부정적으로 지각하는 청소년 보다 문제 행동을 하는 경향이 낮았으며, 자신감은 높았다. 또한, 어머니의 양육행동을 어머니 보다 긍정적으로 지각하는 청소년들이 그렇지 못한 청소년들에 비해 어머니와 원활한 의사소통을 하는 것으로 나타났다. 이 연구의 결과들은 청소년과 어머니간의 지각 차이가 측정 상의 문제만이 아닌 청소년 발달과 연관 있는 요인임을 지적한다. 그리고, 지각 차이를 연구할 때는 그 차이의 크기 뿐 아니라 청소년과 어머니 중 어느 편의 지각이 더 부정적인지도 고려해야 한다는 점을 지적한다.

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