Effect of High Nitrogen Application on Two Components of Dark Respiration in a Rice Cultivar Takanari

  • Akita, Shigemi (Department of Biological Resources Management, The University of Shiga Prefecture) ;
  • Lee, Kwang-hong (Photosynthesis Research Labotory, National Institute of Agrobiological Sciences)
  • Published : 2002.09.01

Abstract

Plant growth and the two components of respiration, growth and maintenance, were compared between low and high nitrogen applications in hydroponic culture on a high-yielding rice cultivar 'Takanari' (Oryza sativa L.). Grain yield decreased by high nitrogen application, and thus this cultivar has low adaptability to nitrogen. Growth efficiency (GE) and net assimilation rate (NAR) were lower in the high-nitrogen plot. The maintenance coefficient (m) and growth coefficient (g) of dark respiration were 0.0111 $d^{-1}$ and 0.196 in the low-nitrogen plot and 0.0166 $d^{-1}$ and 0.237 in the high-nitrogen plot, respectively. Thus, high nitrogen application increased both g and m. Calculated $R_m$ (maintenance respiration rate) was 70 and 90% of total respiration rate at heading, respectively. The significance of nitrogen adaptability and g was discussed.

References

  1. Amthor, J. S. 1994. Respiration and carbon assimilate use. In: Boote, K.J., Beinnett, J.M., Sinclair, T.R., Paulsen, G.M. (Eds.), Physiology and Determination of Crop Yield. American Soci-ety of Agronomy, Inc., Crop Science Society of America, Inc., and Soil Science Society of America, Inc., Madison, WI, USA. pp 221-250
  2. Hole, C. C. and A. Bames. 1980. Maintenance and growth compo-nents of carbon dioxide efflux from growing pea fruits. Ann. Bot. 45 : 295-307 https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordjournals.aob.a085825
  3. Ishikawa, T., H. Fujimoto, N. Kabaki, S. Maruyama, and S. Akita. 1999. Dry matter production before heading and determination of number of spikelets of rice cultivar 'Takanan'. Jpn. J. Crop Sci. 68 : 63-70 (in Japanese with English abstract) https://doi.org/10.1626/jcs.68.63
  4. Sheehy, J. E., J. M. Cobby, and G. J. A. Ryle. 1979. The growth of perennial ryegrass: A model. J. Exp. Bot. 43 : 335-354
  5. Hirota, 0. and T. Takeda. 1978. Studies on the utilizadon of solar radiadon by crop stands. III. Relationships between conversion efficiency of solar radiation energy and respiration of construction and maintenance in rice and soybean plant populations. Jpn J. Crop Sci. 47 : 336-343 (in Japanese with English sum-mary) https://doi.org/10.1626/jcs.47.336
  6. McCree, K. J. 1983. Carbon balance as a function of plant size in sorghum plants. Crop Sci. 23 : 1173-1177 https://doi.org/10.2135/cropsci1983.0011183X002300060034x
  7. Takeda, T. 1961. Studies on the photosynthesis and producdon of dry matter in the community of rice plants. Jpn. J. Bot. 17 :403-437
  8. Amthor, J. S. 1989. Respiration and Crop Productivity. Springer-Verlag, New York. pp 1-215
  9. Evans, L. T. 1993. Crop Evolution, Adaptation, and Yield. Cam-bridge University Press, Cambridge. pp 1-615
  10. Tanaka, A. and J. Yamaguchi. 1968. The growth efficiency in rela-tion to the growth of the rice plant. Soil Sci. Plant Nutr. 14 :110-116 https://doi.org/10.1080/00380768.1968.10432753
  11. McCree, K. J. and S. Kresovich. 1978. Growth and maintenance requirements of white clover as a function of day length. Crop Sci. 18 : 22-25 https://doi.org/10.2135/cropsci1978.0011183X001800010007x
  12. Osada, A. 1966. Relationship between photosynthetic activity and dry matter production in rice varieties, especially as influenced by nitrogen supply. Bull. Nat. Inst. Agric. Sci. (Ser. D) 14 : 117-188 (in Japanese with English summary)
  13. Xu, Y. F., T. Ookawa, and K. Ishihara. 1997. Analysis of the dry matter production process and yield formation of the highyielding rice cultivar Takanari, from 1991 to 1994. Jpn. J. Crop Sci. 66 : 42-50 (in Japanese with English abstract) https://doi.org/10.1626/jcs.66.42
  14. Takeda, T. and A. Kumura. 1959. Analysis of grain production in rice plant. V. Analytical studies on the varietal tolerability for heavy manuring in paddy rice. Proc. Crop Sci. Soc. Japan 28 :179-181 https://doi.org/10.1626/jcs.28.179
  15. Stahl, R. S. and K. J. McCree. 1988. Ontogenetic changes in the respiration coefficients of grain sorghum. Crop Sci. 28 : 111-113 https://doi.org/10.2135/cropsci1988.0011183X002800010024x
  16. Yamaguchi, J. 1978. Respiration and the growth efhciency in relation to crop productivity. J. Fac. Agric. Hokkaido Univ. 59 : 59-129
  17. Hiraoka, K., M. Takebe, and T. Yoneyama. 1992. Physiological characteristics of high-yielding rice varieties. IV. High produc-tivity of Kanto 146 (Takanari) with special reference to nutrient partitioning and sink (Panicle) structure. Jpn. J. Soil Sci. Plant Nutr. 63 : 517-523 (in Japanese, with English abstract)
  18. Penning de Vries, F. W. T. 1974. Substrate utilization and respira-tion in relation to growth and maintenance in higher plants. Neth. J. Aeric. Sci. 22 : 40-44
  19. Thomley, J. H. M. 1970. Respiration, growth and maintenance in plants. Nature 227 : 304-305
  20. Lee, K. and S. Akita. 2000. Factors causing the variadon in the temperature coefficient of dark respiration in rice (Oryza sativa L.). PLant Prod. Sci. 3 : 38-42 https://doi.org/10.1626/pps.3.38
  21. McCree, K. J. 1970. An equation for the rate of respiration of white clover plants grown under controlled conditions. In: Set-lik, I. (Ed.), Prediction and Measurement of Photosynthetic Productivity. Center for Agricultural Publishing and Documen-tation, Wageningen, The Netherlands. pp 221-229
  22. McCree, K. J. 1988. Sensidvity of sorghum grain yield to ontoge-nedc changes in respiration coefficients. Crop Sci. 28 : 114-120 https://doi.org/10.2135/cropsci1988.0011183X002800010025x