Influence of diameter, length, and platform shape of implant fixture on the stress distribution in and around the screw type implant

나사형 임플란트 고정체의 길이, 직경, 플랫폼 형태에 따른 임플란트와 주위조직의 응력분포

  • Kang, Ji-Eun (Dept. of Periodontology, College of Dentistry Dental Science Research Institute Chonnam National University) ;
  • Chung, Hyun-Ju (Dept. of Periodontology, College of Dentistry Dental Science Research Institute Chonnam National University) ;
  • Ku, Chul-Whoi (Dept. of Prosthodontics, College of Dentistry Dental Science Research Institute Chonnam National University) ;
  • Yang, Hong-So (Dept. of Prosthodontics, College of Dentistry Dental Science Research Institute Chonnam National University)
  • 강지은 (전남대학교 치과대학 치주과학교실, 전남대학교 치의학연구소) ;
  • 정현주 (전남대학교 치과대학 치주과학교실, 전남대학교 치의학연구소) ;
  • 구철회 (전남대학교 치과대학 보철학교실, 전남대학교 치의학연구소) ;
  • 양홍서 (전남대학교 치과대학 보철학교실, 전남대학교 치의학연구소)
  • Published : 2002.12.30

Abstract

Seven finite element models were constructed in mandible having single screw-type implant fixture connected to the premolar superstructure, in order to evaluate how the length, diameter and platform shape of a screw-type fixture influence the stress in the supporting tissue around fixtures. Each finite element model was varied in terms of length, diameter, and platform shape of the fixture. In each model, 250N of vertical load was placed on the central pit of an occlusal plane and 250N of oblique load placed on the buccal cusp. The stress distribution in the supporting tissue and the other components was analysed using 2-dimensional finite element analysis and the maximum von Mises stress in each reference area was compared. Under lateral loading, the stress was larger at the abutment/fixture interface, and in the crestal bone, compared to the stress pattern under vertical loading. The amount of stress at the superstructure was similar regardless of the length, diameter and platform shape of a fixture. Around the longer fixture, the stress was decreased at the bone crest and subjacent cancellous bone and increased in the cancellous bone area apical to the fixture. Around the wider fixture, the stress was decreased at the abutment/fixture interface, and the bone crest and increased in the cancellous bone area apical to the fixture. Around the fixture having wider platform, less stress was produced at the abutment/fixture interface and the upper part of the cortical bone, compared to the fixture having standard platform. In conclusion, the stress distribution of the supporting tissue was affected by length, diameter, and platform shape of a fixture, and the fixture which was larger in diameter and length could reduce the stress in the supporting tissues at the bone-fixture interface and bone crest area.