Synthesis and Properties of Linear and Crosslinkable Polyurethane Elastomers

선형과 가교형 수분산 폴리우레탄 엘라스토머의 합성 및 물성

  • Published : 2002.03.31

Abstract

Linear and crosslinked polyurethane dispersions were synthesized with 2,4-toluene diisocyanate, dimethylol propionic acid, polyoxypropylene glycol and polyoxypropylene glycerin. The structures of these polyurethanes were characterized by $^1H-NMR$ and FT-IR and the properties were measured with DSC, TGA, Instron and AFM etc. In case of linear polyurethane dispersion, the particle size, viscosity and glass transition temperature of polyurethanes increased with higher molecular weight of polyol and the degree of crosslinking. The crosslinked polyurethanes which contains more than 15% of polyoxypropyleneglycerin didn't from dispersion, when mixtures by polyoxypropyleneglycol and polyoxypropyleneglycerin were used as polyols. Thus, we synthesized crosslinked polyurethanes with 5%, 8%, 13% and 15% weight percents of polyoxypropylene glycerin as polyol mixtures.

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