Effects of a Treatment Program by Types of Underachiever on the Science Achievement and Attitude Toward Science in Junior High School Students

학습부진아 유형별 처치프로그램이 중학생의 과학 성취도와 과학에 대한 태도에 미치는 효과

  • Published : 2002.12.30


The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a treatment program by types of underachiever developed from "electric voltage and current" section in the 8th grade science textbook. The program for the underachiever who have lack of basic knowledge and needs to learning aimed to improve their achievement and attitude toward science. For this study, 171 8th grade students were sampled and distributed to control and experimental group. Among them, 54 underachievers were identified. The underachievers were defined as science achievement level is below mean and IQ is above 90. The independent variables in this study were teaching method (traditional instruction and developed instruction) and types of underachiever. The dependent variables were students' achievement and attitude toward science. Pretest-posttest control group design was used. The main results of this study were that the treatment program emphasizing learning sheet activities based on LT(Learning Together) model had significant effect for underachievers who have lack of basic knowledge and needs to learning to increase their achievement and attitude toward science.


underachiever;science achievement;junior high school;attitude toward science;LT model


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