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Characteristics of Food Components in Granular Ark and Ark Shell

고막 및 새고막의 부위별 식품성분 특성

  • Kim Kui Shik (Division of Food Technology and Nutrition, Yosu National University) ;
  • Kim Jeung Hoon (Division of Food Technology and Nutrition, Yosu National University) ;
  • Bae Tae Jin (Division of Food Technology and Nutrition, Yosu National University) ;
  • Park Choon-Kyu (Division of Food Technology and Nutrition, Yosu National University) ;
  • Kim Myung-Hee (Division of Food Technology and Nutrition, Yosu National University)
  • 김귀식 (여수대학교 식품공학영양학부) ;
  • 임정훈 (여수대학교 식품공학영양학부) ;
  • 배태진 (여수대학교 식품공학영양학부) ;
  • 박춘규 (여수대학교 식품공학영양학부) ;
  • 김명희 (여수대학교 식품공학영양학부)
  • Published : 2002.09.01

Abstract

In order to effectively utilize of granular ark and ark shell, lipid and fatty acid compositions, free amino acids, nucleotides and their related compounds and minerals in the muscle and viscera of raw and cooked specimens were analyzed. The major constituents of non-polar lipids in the granular ark and ark shell were triglycerides, which showed higher content in viscera than the muscle. The polar lipids in the granular ark and ark shell were mainly consisted of phosphatidylcholine and phosphatidylethanolamine. The major fatty acids of total lipid were 16:0, 20:5n-3, 18:1n-9, 16:1n-7, 18:0 and 22:6n-3 both the granular ark and ark shell. The major nucleotides and the related compounds were adenosine monophosphate and adenosine diphosphate and they had higher content in the muscle than in viscera both samples, free amino acids such as taurine, glycine, alanine, glutamic acid, phenyl alanine and aspartic acid were abundant both the granular ark and ark shell. In the raw muscle of granular ark, glycine, alanine and $\alpha$-amino-iso-butyric acid were high level, but glutamic acid, aspartic acid and phenyl alanine were low level compared with those of cooking muscle. In the raw muscle of ark shell, taurine and $\alpha$-amino-iso-butyric acid were high content, but the glutamic acid and aspartic acid were low level compared with those of cooking muscle. Minerals in the granular ark and ark shell were chiefly consisted of potassium, sodium, magnesium, iron and calcium.

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