Measuring restraints stress responses using active biotelemetry in cattle

Active biotelemetry를 이용한 젖소의 보정 스트레스 반응 측정

  • 이동희 (건국대학교 수의과대학) ;
  • 이병한 (건국대학교 수의과대학) ;
  • 임좌진 (건국대학교 수의과대학) ;
  • 김진영 (건국대학교 수의과대학) ;
  • 박희명 (건국대학교 수의과대학) ;
  • 정병현 (건국대학교 수의과대학)
  • Accepted : 2002.03.20
  • Published : 2002.06.29


This study was conducted to investigate the influences of the rope and the tipping chute restraints on body temperature (BT) and heart rate (HR) as acute response for stress caused by restraining for diagnasis and treatment in cattle. Both parameters were recorded by active biotelemetry. In addition cortisol concentration in blood was analyzed as a indicator for stress response. Twelve cattle were divided into two groups based on hydraulic power, the rope restraint group and the tipping chute restraint group. BT and HR were measured at -30 (base), 0, 10, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60, 90, 120, and 180 minutes, including restraint period from 0 to 30 minutes during the experiment. The results obtained in this study was summarized as follows: 1. BT of the rope restraint group was increased ($39.8{\pm}0.3^{\circ}C$) until 20 min after restraint stress for 30 min, and then maintained with high values to the end of experiment. In the tipping chute restraint group, the BT was increased ($39.6{\pm}0.3^{\circ}C$) until the end of the restraint period, but then showed decrese until the end of experiment. 2. HR of both groups was maximized at the beginning of the restraint stress (P<0.05), and then it was decreased gradually but in the tipping chute restraint group showed increase again at the end of the reatraint stress (P<0.05). 3. The cortisol level of the rope restraint group was increased significantly ($9.72{\pm}5.09{\mu}g/d{\ell}$) until 30 min after the end of the restraint stress (P<0.05) and then decreased, but in the tipping chute restraint group showed great increase ($4.68{\pm}1.56{\mu}g/d{\ell}$) at the end of the restraint stress (P<0.05) and then decreased while the tipping chute restraint group was significantly lower than the rope restraint group 30 min after the restraint stress (P<0.05). In conclusion, this study suggests that the tipping chute restraint produces less response to physical stress than the rope restraint but the time for diagnasis and treatment should be shortened when using the tipping chute restraint.


  1. Russell WB, Clarkson MJ, Downham DY, Faull WB, Hughes JW, Manson FJ, Merritt JB, Murray RD, Sutherest JE, Ward WR. Insidence and prevalence of lameness in dairy cattle. Vet Rec, 138:563-567, 1996
  2. Hess, Euber Das Aufhalten der Fusse Beirn Rind und die an Wendung von Zwangxmiulen hierzu. Sclnrcizer Hufschnied. 5:58-62, 1920
  3. Knezevie P. Ein fahrleurer Grestiemperationisch fur die Exuemictenchirurgie, Wien Tieraril Mschr. 58:173-176, 1971
  4. Buchen R. Neue patentirte vollhydraulische operation stische. Tieraztl Umschau, 29:476-480, 1974
  5. Broom DM, Johnson KG. Stress and Animal Welfare. Chapman & Hall. 95-101, 1993
  6. Trunkfield HR, Broom DM, Maatje K, Wieranga HK, Lamboy E, Kooijman J. Effect of housing on nesponses of veal calves to handhing and transport, in New Trends in veal Calf Production (eds JHM Meth and CM Groenestein), Pudoc, Wageningen, 4043, 1991
  7. Kaufmann CH, Kundig H, Binder H, Thun R. Messung von stress parameteri bei Nutztieren mittels aktiver Telernatrie. Schweiz. Arch Tierheilk, 138:234-240, 1996
  8. Gabrielsen GW, Kanwisher JW, Steen JB. Emotional bradycardia: a telemetry study on incubating willow grouse Lagopus lagopus. Acta Physiol Scand, 100:255-57, 1977
  9. Baldock NM, Sibly RM. Effect of handling and transportation on heart rate behaviour in sheep. Appl Anim Behav Sci, 28:15-39, 1990
  10. Herd JA, Morse WH, Kelleher RT, Jones LG. Arterial hypertension in the squirrel monkey during behavirol experiments. Am J Physiol, 217:24-29, 1969
  11. Stephens DB, Toner JN. Husbandary influences on some physiological parameters of emotional responses in calves. Appl Anim Ethol, 1:233-243, 1975
  12. Arave CW, Bunch TD, Callan RJ. Measuring stress in cattle via implanted heart rate transmitters. J Anim Sci, 69:236, 1991
  13. Hopster H, Blokhuis H. Validation of a heart rate monitor for measuring a stress response in dairy cows. Can J Anim Sci, 74:465-474, 1994
  14. Lay DC. A comparative physiological and behavioral study of freeze and hot iron branding using dairy cows. J Anim Sci, 70:1121-1125, 1992
  15. Johnson MD, Shier DN, Barger AC. Circulating catecholamines and control of plasma renin activity in conscious dogs. Am J Physiol, 236:463-470, 1979
  16. Aramio A, Lopez-Calderon A, Jolin T, Balasch J. Response of anterior piruitary homones to chronic sress, Neurasci Biol, 10: 245-250, 1986