Blood groups and antierythrocyte antibody for prevention of neonatal isoerythrolysis in horse

신생자마 용혈성 질환 예방을 위한 번식마의 혈액형과 항적혈구 항체 조사

  • Cho, Gil-Jae (Equine Blood Typing Laboratory, Korea Racing Association) ;
  • Yang, Young-Jin (Equine Blood Typing Laboratory, Korea Racing Association) ;
  • Cho, Byung-Wook (Department of Animal Science, Miryang National University) ;
  • Kim, Bong-Hwan (College of Veterinary Medicine, Kyungpook National University)
  • 조길재 (한국마사회 혈액형검사실) ;
  • 양영진 (한국마사회 혈액형검사실) ;
  • 조병욱 (밀양대학교 동물자원학과) ;
  • 김봉환 (경북대학교 수의과대학)
  • Accepted : 2002.12.04
  • Published : 2002.12.30

Abstract

This study was carried out to investigate the blood groups(Aa, Ca, Dc, Qa, Ua) and antierythrocyte antibody associated with neonatal isoerythrolysis(NI) in Thoroughbred horses. The blood groups from 1,351(35 stallions, 1,316 mares) Thoroughbred horses tested by serological procedures, and antierythrocyte antibody from 52 mares by indirect antiglobulin test. The blood groups(factor) of Aa, Ca, Dc, Qa and Ua positive were 97.1%, 100%, 91.4%, 82.9%, and 17.1% in stallions, respectively, and were negative 3.5%, 6.2%, 25.1%, 18.3%, and 77.1% in mares, respectively. These mares are considered to be at risk for production of an NI foals. The antierythrocyte antibody was not detected by this technique in all mares. These results suggest that the all breeding mares without blood groups Aa(3.5%) and Qa(18.3%) should be selected a appropriate stallion to prevent of neonatal isretythrolysis during the breeding season in Thoroughbred horses.

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