Chemical Composition of Several Herb Plants

서양 허브식물의 화학성분

  • Published : 2003.02.01

Abstract

Chemical compositions of several herbs (rosemary, mint, thyme, sage, and lavender) cultivated in Korea were analyzed. Approximate compositions were as follows: moisture $69.92{\sim}82.10%$, crude ash $2.48{\sim}6.15%$, crude fat $0.40{\sim}2.46%$, crude protein $0.84{\sim}1.57%$, and crude fiber $2.48{\sim}6.15%$. Total contents of phenolics determined by Folin-Dennis's method were in the range of $73.24{\sim}197.79mg%$. Contents of minerals, Na, Ca, Mn, P, Mg, Zn, and Fe determined by ICP-AES were $43.0{\sim}112.5,\;177.5{\sim}304.0,\;0.5{\sim}1.5,\;74.0{\sim}218.5,\;57.0{\sim}116.0,\;1.0{\sim}2.0$ and $3.0{\sim}5.0mg%$, respectively. Free sugar contents determined by HPLC were: sucrose $0{\sim}7.61$, glucose $0.94{\sim}15.92$, and rhamnose $0.64{\sim}7.99mg%$. Fatty acids including palmitic, stearic, oleic, linoleic, linolenic, and arachidonic acids were identified by GC. Linoleic and linolenic acid contents were higher than those of palmitic and stearic acids. Aroma components identified by GC-MS were 1,8-cineole, ${\alpha}-phellandrene,\;{\alpha}-terpinene,\;{\beta}-pinene,\;{\beta}-thujone$, borneol, butan-1-ol, cis-sabinene hydrate, ${\delta}-carene,\;{\gamma}-terpinene$, and verbenone.

Keywords

herb;phenolics;mineral;free sugar;fatty acid;aroma components

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