Effect of Mixing Ratio on Rheological Properties of Kochujang

배합비를 달리한 고추장의 레올로지 특성

  • Published : 2003.02.01

Abstract

찹쌀가루와 메주가루의 배합비율(무게비)을 달리한 고추장(찹쌀가루 : 메주가루 = 1:1, 1:2, 1:3, 2:1, 3:1)의 숙성 중 품질 변화를 평가하기 위해 12주 동안 숙성시키면서 고추장의 이화학적 특성, 효소 활성 및 레올로지 특성을 연구하였다. 숙성 중 고추장의 수분함량은 $47.4{\sim}47.9%$에서 점차 증가하여 8주에는 최대 수분함량을 보였다. 환원당 함량은 $2{\sim}4$주에 가장 높았으며 이후에서는 점차 감소하는 경향을 보였다. 아미노태 질소 함량은 지속적으로 증가하였다. ${\alpha}-amylase$${\beta}-amylase$ 활성은 숙성 $2{\sim}4$주에 최대 역가를 나타냈다. Acidic protease와 neutral protease는 각각 숙성 2주와 4주에 가장 높은 활성을 보였다. Power law 모델에 의한 유동성 측정에서 고추장은 낮은 유동성지수(flow behavior index, $n=0.21{\sim}0.36$)를 가진 전단담화(shearing-thinning)거동을 보여주었으며, 점조도 지수(consistency index, K)와 겉보기점도 $({\eta}_{a,10})$는 숙성 2주에 급격히 증가하고 이후에는 감소하였다. Casson 모델식에 의한 항복응력$({\sigma}_{oc})$은 숙성 2주에 급격히 증가하고 이후에는 감소하였다. 동적 점탄성 측정에서는 저장 탄성률 (G#)이 손실탄성률 (G') 보다 높은 수치를 나타내었고 주파수(frequency, ${\omega}$)가 증가함에 따라 증가하는 경향을 보여주었다. 또한 숙성기간이 경과함에 따라 (G#)과 (G@)이 증가하는 경향을 나타냈다.

Keywords

kochujang;physicochemical characteristics;enzyme activity;rheological properties

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