Effect of Lycium chinense Fruit on the Physicochemical Properties of Kochujang

구기자를 첨가한 고추장의 숙성 중 이화학적 특성

  • Published : 2003.06.01

Abstract

Effects of fruit of Lycium chinense (Chinese matrimony vine) on enzyme activities, and microbial and physicochemical properties of kochjuang were investigated during 12 weeks of fermentation. Enzyme activities were higher during middle of fermentation, and protease activities increased as the ratio of L. chinense increased. Facultative anaerobic bacteria counts decreased in L. chinense-added kochujang, whereas viable cell count of yeasts was higher in 1% L. chinense-added kochujang. Consistency of kochujang decreased by addition of L. chinense. Hunter L- and a-values of L. chinense added kochujang were high, causing slight change in total color difference (E) as the ratio of L chinense increased. Moisture contents of kochujang increased during fermentation, whereas water activities decreased. As the ratio of L. chinense increased, water activities increased. Titrable acidities and oxidation-reduction potential increased by addition of L. chinense. Total sugar contents of kochujang decreased rapidly during fermentation, whereas reducing sugar contents increased up to $2{\sim}4$ weeks of fermentation. As the ratio of L. chinense increased, reducing sugar contents decreased. Ethanol contents of kochujang increased during fermentation, with higher values in 3% L. chinense-added kochujang. Amino and ammonia nitrogen contents of kochujang increased L. chinense content increased. After 12 weeks of fermentation, sensory results showed 3% L. chinense-added kochujang showed highest taste and overall acceptability, and color acceptability increased as L. chinense content increased.

Keywords

kochujang;Lycium chinense;physicochemical properties

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