Study on Immuno-stimulating Activity of ${\beta}$-Glucan Isolated from the Cell Wall of Yeast Mutant Saccharomyces cerevisiae IS2

효모변이주 Saccharomyces cerevisiae IS2 세포벽 유래의 베타글루칸 면역활성능에 관한 연구

  • Park, Jeong-Hoon (Research Institute, Bioprogen Co., Ltd.) ;
  • Kang, Man-Sik (Research Institute, Bioprogen Co., Ltd.) ;
  • Kim, Hong-Il (Department of Biotechnology, Faculty of Life Science, Konkuk University) ;
  • Chung, Bong-Hyun (Laboratory of Integrative Biotechnology, Korea Research Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology) ;
  • Lee, Kwang-Ho (Department of Biotechnology, Faculty of Life Science, Konkuk University) ;
  • Moon, Won-Kuk (Research Institute, En-Bio technology Co., Ltd.)
  • 박정훈 (바이오프로젠 기업부설연구소) ;
  • 강만식 (바이오프로젠 기업부설연구소) ;
  • 김홍일 (건국대학교 생명과학부 생명공학과) ;
  • 정봉현 (한국생명공학연구원 융합생명공학연구실) ;
  • 이광호 (건국대학교 생명과학부 생명공학과) ;
  • 문원국 (엔바이오테크놀러지 부설연구소)
  • Published : 2003.06.01

Abstract

Yeast cell wall mutant, Saccharomyces cerevisiae IS2 was screened by the NTG treatment of Saccharomyces cerevisiae KCTC 7911. The mutant was highly resistant to zymolase, which specifically degrades ${\beta}$-1,3-D-glucose chain of ${\beta}$-glucan and mechanical disruption by glass beads. These phenomena demonstrate that the yeast mutant has cell wall structure different from the wild-type. The ${\beta}$-glucan of yeast mutant and wild-type strains was recovered by sequential extraction with NaOH. The injection of ${\beta}$-glucan into the abdominal cavity of mouse resulted in an increase in the number of peritoneal immune cells, NO (nitric oxide) production, and phagocytic activity of macrophage. The number of immune cells was found to be $3.90{\times}10^6\;cells/10\;mL$ and $5.48{\times}10^6\;cells/10\;mL$ with the wild-type and mutant ${\beta}$-glucan, respectively. The effect on the NO production and phagocytic activity of mutant ${\beta}$-glucan were 1.69 and 1.43-fold higher than those of wild-type. These results indicate that the immuno-stimulating activity of alternated ${\beta}$-glucan from mutant yeast is higher than that of wild-type.

Keywords

yeast cell wall mutant;${\beta}$-glucan;NO production;phagocytic activity;immuno-stimulating activity

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