Effects of Intraruminal Soluble Glass Bolus on Blood Selenium and Plasma Mineral Level of Grazing Does under Backyard Conditions in Selected Areas in Nueva Ecija, Philippines

  • Hayashida, M. (United Graduate School of Agricultural Science, Tottori University) ;
  • Orden, E.A. (Small Ruminant Center, Central Luzon State University) ;
  • Cruz, E.M. (Small Ruminant Center, Central Luzon State University) ;
  • Cruz, L.C. (Philippine Carabao Center) ;
  • Fujihara, T. (Laboratory of Animal Science, Faculty of Life and Environmental Science, Shimane University)
  • Received : 2002.05.11
  • Accepted : 2002.09.05
  • Published : 2003.02.01


Soluble glass bolus with selenium (Se), copper (Cu) and cobalt (Co) was administered intraruminally to Philippine grazing does fed under backyard farming conditions to determine its effect on blood mineral status. Forty-five does were dosed with SGB intraruminally every 6 months, whereas 15 were without SGB during this experimental period of 10 months. Blood of does in both treatment groups were collected every other month and blood Se, plasma Cu, Ca, P and Mg were determined in this study. All does did not show clinical Se, Cu, Ca, P or Mg deficiency during this experimental period. Selenium concentration of treated does increased (p<0.01) after beginning of this experiment, whereas the level of control does decreased slowly (p<0.01). Two months after SGB administration, all treated does had higher blood Se than the lower limit of $20{\mu}g/l$ suggested by NRC (1981), whereas some control does had lower blood Se concentration than the lower limit of $20{\mu}g/l$. On the other hand, plasma Cu concentration of treated does started to increase more remarkably than control does 4 months after this experiment had started although the difference was insignificant. There were no significant differences between plasma Ca, P or Mg concentration of does in both treatment groups. Soluble glass bolus had no harmful effects on plasma macro mineral concentrations of grazing does. This study showed that SGB was available as mineral supplement to improve imbalances of selected mineral of grazing goats in the traditional backyard conditions in Luzon Island, Philippines.


Backyard Farming;Goat;Minerals;Philippines;Soluble Glass Bolus


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