Toxicities and Control Effect of Three Insecticides to Greenhouse Whitefly, Trialeurodes vaporariorum and Sweetpotato Whitefly Bemisia tabaci (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae)

몇 가지 살충제의 온실가루이와 담배가루이의 생육 단계별 살충효과 및 방제효과

  • Ha, Tae-Ki (Central Research Institute Kyung Nong Corp.) ;
  • Hwang, In-Cheon (Central Research Institute Kyung Nong Corp.) ;
  • Kim, Jong-Kwan (Central Research Institute Kyung Nong Corp.) ;
  • Song, Yoo-Han (Department of Agricultural Biology, College of Agriculture, Gyeongsang National University) ;
  • Kim, Gil-Hah (Department of Agricultural Biology, Chungbuk National University) ;
  • Yu, Yong-Man (Central Research Institute Kyung Nong Corp.)
  • 하태기 ((주)경농 중앙연구소) ;
  • 황인천 ((주)경농 중앙연구소) ;
  • 김종관 ((주)경농 중앙연구소) ;
  • 송유한 (경상대학교 농과대학 농생물학과) ;
  • 김길하 (충북대학교 농과대학 농생물학과) ;
  • 유용만 ((주)경농 중앙연구소)
  • Published : 2003.09.30

Abstract

This study was carried out to evaluate toxicities of 3 registered insecticides to greenhouse whitefly(GWF), Trialeurodes vaporariorum and sweetpotato whitefly(SWF), Bemisia tabaci, B-biotype. Insecticide activities were evaluated by testing systemic action, residual effect in the laboratory, and control efficacy in the greenhouse. All experiments were tested at the recommended concentration(RC), half and a quarter concentrations of RC of each insecticides. Acetamiprid showed 45%, 42% ovicidal effect to greenhouse whitefly and sweetpotato whitefly at 40 ppm, respectively. Acetamiprid showed more than 97% larvicidal activities on the 3rd instars larvae of GWF and SWF at the recommended and its half concentrations. On the adults of the two whitefly species, acetamiprid and acetamiprid+ethofenprox showed more than 92% mortality even at half of recommended concentrations. Acetamiprid and acetamiprid+ethofenprox showed both residual effect and systemic activity. In the control efficacy test on GWF and SWF, 90% control values were obtained at the 3th day after treatments of acetamiprid and acetamiprid + ethofenprox by application with recommended concentration. These results indicate that acetamiprid and acetamiprid+ethofenprox can be used in the control of the two whitefly species in field.

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