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Estimation of Trans Fatty Acids Intake and Behavior of Having Meals in Middle School Students of Busan

부산지역 중학생의 trans 지방산 섭취 수준과 식행동 조사

  • 심영주 (부산시 해운대구 양운중학교) ;
  • 노경희 (인제대학교 의생명공학대학 식품생명과학부, 식품과학연구소 및 바이오헬스소재센타) ;
  • 이미옥 (영산대학교 외식경영전공) ;
  • 송영선 (인제대학교 의생명공학대학 식품생명과학부, 식품과학연구소 및 바이오헬스소재센타)
  • Published : 2003.04.01

Abstract

To assess trans fatty acids (tFAs) intake of middle school students in Busan, behavior of having meals and 3 day's food record were surveyed in 800 subjects. 35.3% of subjects responded to twice a day in frequency of snack intake. Preferred snack items were ice cream (68.6%) and milk (57.0%). Subjects of dining out preferred jajangmyon (54.6%), seasoned chicken (50.5%), fried chicken (35-3%) in order when dined out. Mean daily tFAs intake of subjects was 1.68$\pm$0.04 g. Mean daily intake level of girls was 1.89$\pm$0.06 g which was significantly higher than that of boys, 1.40 $\pm$ 0.05 g (p<0.001). Naturally derived tFAs intake was 1.04$\pm$0.03 g which corresponded to 62.1% of total tFAs intake per day and industrially derived tFAs intake was 0.64 $\pm$ 0.02 g, 37.9% of total tFAs intake per day. Calorie percentage of tFAs was 0.8% and fat percentage of tFAs was 3.16%. The level of tFAs intake showed a significant difference with monthly allowance (p<0.05) and frequency of snack intake (p<0.001) in girls, which was not the case in boys. The main sources of tFAs were milk and dairy products (34.3%), bakeries (18.3%), and fish and meat products (16.2%), in order. From above results, we can conclude that tFAs intake of middle school student is not as much as that of Western teenagers. However, exact estimation of tFAs intake requires database of tFAs in broad range of processed foods commonly consumed in Korea.

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