Influence of Dietary Natural and Synthetic figments on Growth Performances, Skin Pigmentation and Color Difference in Broiler Chicks

천연 및 합성 착색제의 첨가가 브로일러의 육성성적, 착색도 및 육색 변화에 미치는 영향

  • Published : 2003.03.01


This experiment was conducted to investigate the effects of natural and synthetic commercial pigments on the growth performances, skin pigmentation and color difference of broiler chicks. Experimental diet was formulated to have isocalories and isonitrogen for experimental period, and xanthophyll concentration in the diet was 8.45g/1on. The experiment was conducted for six weeks with 450 broiler chicks. The birds were assigned to 10 treatment groups and each group had 15 chicks with three replications. Results showed that the types of pigments did not have any effect on body weight, feed intake and feed efficiency. The mortality was lower with higher pigment supplementation and greater in the natural pigment groups than in the synthetic ones. Dressed carcass, abdominal fat pad and gizzard weight were not significantly different among treatments. The pigmentation of shank skin was increased with high pigment supplementations, and the pigmentation effect was greater with synthetic pigments than in natural pigments. In the shank meat or skin, the color difference(L*, a*, b*, c* and h*) was not consistently related to pigmentation.


  1. Proc. XV World Poult Congr Canthaxanthin-An avian and salmonid tissue pigmenter Bauernfeind JC;Marusich WS
  2. J Nutr v.119 Carotinoids and immune response Bendich A
  3. J Nutr v.119 Antioxidant action jof carotinoids Burton GW
  4. Poultry Sci v.53 Factors influencing the quantity of abdominal fat in broilers. 2. Cage versus floor rearing Deaton JW;Kubena LF;Chen TC;Reece FN
  5. Poultry Sci v.57 Yolk color characteristics, xanthophyll availability, and a model system for predicting egg yolk color using beta-apo-8-carotinal and canthaxanthin Fletcher DL;Harms RH;Janky DM
  6. Carotinoids as Colorants and Vitamin A Precursors: Technological and Nutritional Applications Oxycarotinoids in poultry feeds Marusich WL;Bauernfeind JC
  7. Poultry Sci v.67 Influence of source and physical form of xanthophyll pigment on broiler pigmentation and performance Ouart MD;Bell DE;Janky DM;Dukes MG;Marion JE
  8. Poultry Sci v.80 Influence of aource and ratio of xanthophyll pigments on broiler chicken pigmentation and performance Perez-Vendrell AM;Hernandez JM;Llaurado L;Schierle J;Brufau J
  9. Cancer v.67 The effects of 13-cis retinoic acid and beta-carotene on cellular immunity in humans Prabhala RH;Garewal HS;Hicks MJ;Sampliner RE;Watson RR<1556::AID-CNCR2820670616>3.0.CO;2-O
  10. SAS/STAT guide for personal computers@6.08. SAS
  11. Poultry Sci v.65 Evaluation of mixed natural carotinoid products as xanthophyll sources for broiler pigmentation Saylor WW
  12. Biosynthesis and metabolism. Carotinoids v.3 Absorption and metabolism of carotinoids in birds, fish and crustaceans Schiedt K
  13. J Nutr Biochem v.9 Distribution of carotinoids from yolk to the tissues of the chik embryo Surai PF;Speake CF
  14. Poultry Sci v.65 Evidence for differential absorption transport and deposition in chickens of lutein diester, a carotinoid extracted from marigold petals Tyczkowski J;Hamilton PB
  15. 가금학회지 v.4 산란계 사료에 천연 및 합성 착색제 첨가가 산라성적, 난질 및 난황의 지방산 농도에 미치는 영향 김창혁;이성기;이규호
  16. 육계에 있어서 착색제들의 착색효과 v.3 엄재상;남궁환;백인기
  17. 육계에 대한 천연착색제와 인공착색제의 착색효과에 관한 연구 v.2 한인규;최윤재;김현동;우정희