Nutritional Regulation of Plasminogen Activator Inhibitor-1, Leptin and Resistin Gene Expression in Obese Mouse

  • Lee, Hyun-Jung (Department of Food and Nutrition, Changwon University) ;
  • Yang, Jeong-Lye (Research Institute of Human Ecology, Changwon University) ;
  • Kim, Young-Hwa (Research Institute of Human Ecology, Changwon University) ;
  • Kim, Yangha (Department of Food and Nutritional Sciences, Ewha Womens University)
  • Published : 2003.05.01

Abstract

PAI-1 (plasminogen activator inhibitor-1), leptin, and resistin are synthesized and secreted by Int cells of rodents and have recently been postulated to be an important link to obesity. This study was conducted to identify the nutritional regulation of PAI-1, leptin, and resistin gene expression in 0b/ob mice. The mice were divided into four groups according to nutritional status: control, 48 hour fasting, 48 hour-fasting/12 hour-refeeding, and 48 hour-fasting/24 hour-refeeding. The mRNA levels of each peptide were measured by semi-quantitative RT-PCR. In visceral fat tissue, the level of PAI-1 mRNA increased markedly when 48h-fasted animals were refed with a high carbohydrate-low fat diet. However, lasting/refeeding did not appreciably change PAI-1 mRNA levels in subcutaneous fat tissue. Similar results were obtained for resistin mRNA levels in both types of fat tissues. These findings suggest that visceral adipose tissue might be more sensitively involved in the nutritional regulation of PAI-1 and resistin gene expression compared to subcutaneous fat tissue. The level of leptin mRNA decreased markedly in the 48h-fasted animals, and increased markedly when 48h-fasted animals were refed with a high carbohydrate-low fat diet. The nutritional regulation of leptin mRNA showed similar patterns in both types of fat tissues. In conclusion, the nutritional regulation of gene expression encoding PAI-1, resistin, and leptin from adipocytes may vary according to the type of adipose tissue.