큰에디모사기법을 이용한 공동 주위의 압축성유동 해석

  • 오건제 (경남대학교 기계자동화공학부)
  • Published : 2003.03.01


Large eddy simulation is used to investigate the compressible flow over a open cavity, The sub-grid scale stresses are modeled using the dynamic model. The compressible Navier-Stokes equations are solved with the sixth order accurate compact finite difference scheme in the space and the 4th order Runge-Kutta scheme in the time. The results show a typical flow pattern of the shear layer mode of oscillation over the cavity. The votical disturbances, the roll-up of vorticity, and impingement and scattering of vorticity at the downstream cavity edge can be seen in the shear layer. Predicted acoustic resonant frequency is in good agreement with that of the empirical formula. The mean flow streamlines are nearly horizontal along the mouth of the cavity. The pressure has its minimum value in the vortex core inside the cavity.

큰에디모사기법을 사용하여 압축성 공동유동을 수치해석하였다. Dynamic 모델을 사용하여 모델상수를 구했으며 공간으로 6차 유한차분기법, 시간에 대하여 4차 Runge-Kutta 수치기법을 사용하였다. 공동 주위의 유동을 보면 중심선을 따른 전단유동의 발달, 에디의 발생과 소멸 현상을 잘 볼 수 있었다. 유동결과로부터 예측된 공진 주파수는 Rossiter의 실험식 결과와 비교적 잘 일치하였다. 평균 유선의 분포는 공동의 중심선을 따라서 평행하였으며 공동 내부 후반부에서 압력이 급격히 감소됨을 알 수 있었다.



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