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The Influence of Dynamic Strain Aging on Tensile and LCF Properties of Prior Cold Worked 316L Stainless Steel

냉간가공된 316L 스테인리스 강의 인장 및 저주기 피로 물성치에 미치는 동적변형시효의 영향

  • 홍성구 (한국과학기술원 기계공학과) ;
  • 이순복 (한국과학기술원 기계공학과)
  • Published : 2003.08.01

Abstract

Tensile and LCF(low cycle fatigue) tests were carried out in air at wide temperature range 20$^{\circ}C$-750$^{\circ}C$ and strain rates of 1${\times}$10$\^$-4//s-1${\times}$10$\^$-2/ to ascertain the influence of strain rate on tensile and LCF properties of prior cold worked 316L stainless steel, especially focused on the DSA(dynamic strain aging) regime. Dynamic strain aging induced the change of tensile properties such as strength and ductility in the temperature region 250$^{\circ}C$-600$^{\circ}C$ and this temperature region well coincided with the negative strain rate sensitivity regime. Cyclic stress response at all test conditions was characterized by the initial hardening during a few cycles, followed by gradual softening until final failure. Temperature and strain rate dependence on cyclic softening behavior appears to result from the change of the cyclic plastic deformation mechanism and DSA effect. The DSA regimes between tensile and LCF loading conditions in terms of the negative strain rate sensitivity were well consistent with each other. The drastic reduction in fatigue resistance at elevated temperature was observed, and it was attributed to the effects of oxidation, creep and dynamic strain aging or interactions among them. Especially, in the DSA regime, dynamic strain aging accelerated the reduction of fatigue resistance by enhancing crack initiation and propagation.

Keywords

Dynamic Strain Aging;316L Stainless Steel;Low Cycle Fatigue;Cold Work

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