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Chemical Compositions and DPPH Radical Scavenger Activity in Different Sections of Safflower

홍화의 부위별 화학성분과 DPPH Radical 소거 활성

  • Kim, Jun-Han (Dept. of Food Science and Nutrition, Sangju National University) ;
  • Kim, Jong-Kuk (Dept. of Food Science and Nutrition, Sangju National University) ;
  • Kang, Woo-Won (Dept. of Food Science and Nutrition, Sangju National University) ;
  • Ha, Young-Sun (Division of Food, Biological and Chemical Engineering, Daegu University) ;
  • Choi, Sang-Won (Dept. of Food Science and Nutrition, Catholic University) ;
  • Moon, Kwang-Deog (Dept. of Food Science and Technology, Kyungpook National University)
  • 김준한 (상주대학교 식품영양학과) ;
  • 김종국 (상주대학교 식품영양학과) ;
  • 강우원 (상주대학교 식품영양학과) ;
  • 하영선 (대구대학교 식품공학과) ;
  • 최상원 (대구카톨릭대학교 식품영양학과) ;
  • 문광덕 (경북대학교 식품공학과)
  • Published : 2003.07.01

Abstract

Chemical compositions and DPPH radical scavenger activity in different sections of safflower (Carthamus tinctorious L.) were investigated. Protein contained 28.39% in sprout and fat contained 20.47% in seed, respectively. Linoleic acid as predominant unsaturated fatty acid of safflower contained 80.01% in sprout and 78.27% in seed. Glucose contained 1253.6mg% in sprout and fructose contained 970.7mg% in sprout. Sucrose contained 912.0mg% in flower bud. Succinic acid was included 2795.3 mg% in flower, malic acid was included 2054.8mg% in leaf. K as minerals contained 2826.8mg% in leaf and 2613,6 mg% in sprout, Ca contained 1999.8mg% in leaf and 1160.9mg% in sprout. Total phenolics contained 5.8%, 4.7%, 4.4% in flower, sprout and leaf, and total flavonoid contained 6.5%, 2.5%, 2.0% in flower, sprout and leaf, respectively Serotonin-I (Ν- [2- (5-hydroxy - l Η- indol -3- yl)ethyl] ferulamide) as serotonin compounds was determined 147.7mg% in seed, serotonin - II (Ν-[2-(5-hydroxy-lΗ-indo-1-3yl )ethyl]-p-coumaramide) was determined 155.4 mg% in seed. Acacetin as flavonoid compounds was contained 116.5mg% in seed. Luteolin as flavonoid compounds was identified 388.3mg% in sprout, luteolin 7-glucoside was determined 692.3mg% in leaf, respectively. DPPH radical scavenger activity was measured by DPPH method, it was shown higher 114.2% in ethanol extract of flower and 113.6% in ethanol extract of leaf than 88.05% of 100 ppm BHA as chemical antioxidant.

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