The Effect of Gamma Irradiation on PLGA and Release Behavior of BCNU from PLGA Wafer

  • Lee, Jin-Soo (Department of Advanced Organic Materials Engineering, Chonbuk National University) ;
  • Chae, Gang-Soo (Department of Advanced Organic Materials Engineering, Chonbuk National University) ;
  • Gilson Khang (Department of Advanced Organic Materials Engineering, Chonbuk National University) ;
  • Kim, Moon-Suk (Biomaterials Laboratory, Korea Research institute of Chemical Technology) ;
  • Cho, Sun-Hang (Biomaterials Laboratory, Korea Research institute of Chemical Technology) ;
  • Lee, Hai-Bang (Biomaterials Laboratory, Korea Research institute of Chemical Technology)
  • Published : 2003.10.01

Abstract

The objectives of this study were to investigate the influence of gamma irradiation for sterilization on poly(D,L-lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA) with different molecular weight and the effect of gamma irradiation on the release behavior of 1,3-bis(2-chloroethyl)-1-nitrosourea (BCNU, carmustine) from PLGA wafer with various irradiation doses. The effect of gamma irradiation on PLGA was evaluated by gel permeation chromatography (GPC), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), and electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR). The weight average molecular weight (M$_{w}$) and glass transition temperature (T$_{g}$) of PLGA decreased after gamma irradiation. The extent of M$_{w}$ reduction was dependent on irradiation dose and PLGA molecular weight. Using EPR spectroscopy, we successfully detected gamma irradiation induced free radicals in PLGA. The gamma irradiation increased the release rate of BCNU from PLGA wafer at applied irradiation doses except 2.5 Mrad of irradiation dose in this study.study.

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