Future Outlook of Refractories for Iron and Steelmaking

  • Emi, Toshihiko (Department of Metallurgical Engineering, Division of Materials Science and Engineering, Yonsei University)
  • Published : 2003.12.01


Refractory industry in technologically advanced countries has long been on gradual decline due to leveled-off steel production and decreasing unit consumption of refractories for steel. Notable technological achievements by refractory industry that contributed significantly to steel production are briefly reviewed covering from blast furnace, basic oxygen furnace to continuous casting. Future possibility to revitalize the refractory industry is discussed on the basis of the review, taking into account opportunities available in environment and energy related sector of industries.


  1. Taikabutsu(Refractories in Japanese) v.52 no.2 Some Tentative Proposals for Japanese Refractories Technology T.Morimoto
  2. Taikabutsu v.52 no.6 Problem for Refractories Technology in Japan E.Yorita
  3. Taikabutsu v.53 no.4 Corrosion of Refractories for Blast Furnaces H.Nakamura
  4. Taikabutsu v.37 no.9 N.Moritama
  5. Taikabutsu v.53 no.4 Wear of Refractories in BOF K.Anan
  6. J. Ceram. Soc. Jpn. v.110 no.8 Effect of Al and Alumina Additions on Oxidation Rate of MgO-C Refractory M.Ali;F.Sani;A.Yamaguchi
  7. Taikabutsu v.53 no.4 Damage of Al₂O₃-MgO-C Brick for Ladle Furnace M.Kamiide;S.Yamamoto;K.Yamamoto;K.Nakahara;N.Kido
  8. Taikabutsu v.55 no.5 Gunning Refractory Technology Considering Environment E.Motoki
  9. Taikabutsu v.54 no.4 Improvement of Ladle Refractory at Kashima Steel Works M.Satou;T.Miki
  10. Taikabutsu v.54 no.1 Development of Spinel-magnesia Castable for Steel Ladle R.Nakamura;T.Kanashige;M.Namba;H.Sasaki
  11. Shinagawa Technical Report v.36 no.3 Prevention of Alumina Buildup in Submerged Entry Nozzle for Continuous Casting of Steel N.Tsukamoto;K.Kanamaru;E.Iida;K.Yanagawa
  12. Taikabutsu v.54 no.1 The Influence of Material and Structure of Gas Blowing Nozzle for Tundish Gate on Casting T.Mizuno;T.Nakayama;T.Yotabun;K.Isaki
  13. Ferrum v.8 no.11 The Latest Trend and Future Aspect of Ironmaking Technology in Japan(in Jpn.) I.Ogata;M.Sanui
  14. Tekkouyou Taikabutsu(Refractories for Iron and Steel, in Japanese) K.Sugita
  15. Taikabutsu v.52 no.4 Trend of Basic Refractory Raw Materials-magnesia Clinker for Chrome-free Bricks- A.Kaneyasu
  16. Taikabutsu v.55 no.5 Recycling Used Sliding Nozzle for Al₂O₃-SiC Brick M.Hagiwara;M.Ishihara;T.Fujieda;M.Tanaka
  17. Taikabutsu v.55 no.5 Recycling Method of Used Bricks which Consist of High Grade Raw Materials K.Shimizu;H.Fuchimoto;T.Hokii;K.Asano
  18. Taikabutsu v.55 no.4 Status of Refractories Used in Waste Melting Furnace K.Okamoto
  19. Taikabutsu v.55 no.4 Refractories for Waste Melting Furnace J.Haraguchi;Z.Wang;M.Hayashi;K.Ariyoshi

Cited by

  1. Strategies and achievements for moving towards minimum wastes and emissions in Asian steel industry vol.32, pp.3, 2005,