Stress Analysis of Abutment and Supporting Tissues by Changing Angles and Heights of Konus Telescope Inner Crown

Konus Telescopic Denture의 내관 각도 및 높이에 따른 지대치 및 지지조직의 응력 분석

  • Vang, Mong-Sook (Department of Prosthodontics, College of Dentistry Chonnam National University) ;
  • Gettleman, Lawrence (Department of Prosthodontics, School of Dentisry University of Louisville)
  • 방몽숙 (전남대학교 치과대학 보철학교실) ;
  • Published : 2003.09.30

Abstract

This study was to evaluate and to compare the compressive strength and the displacement effecting the abutment or the residual ridge which are transformed by the angle and the heights of the konus denture inner crown when restorating the unilateral konus denture by using the mandibular canine and the 1st premolar as an abutment. The author made 9 different models for different inner crown heights and konus angles. The inner crown height were divided to 5mm, 6mm, and 7mm and konus angles was divided to $4^{\circ}$, $6^{\circ}$, and $8^{\circ}$. And then in each model, 5kg of $15^{\circ}$ mesial load was stressed on the central fossa of the 1st premolar and the 1st molar. The stresses and displacement were measured using the finite element analysis. The results were as follows 1. The maximum compressive strength was shown on the connective area of the abutment and the denture base. 2. As the angle of the inner crown becomes increased, the compressive strength was shown smaller. 3. As the height of the inner crown becomes increased, the maximum compressive strength was shown smaller while the compressive strength of the root apex and the residual ridge showed larger. 4. When the stress was loaded only on the 1st premolar, the more compressive strength was concentrated on the root apex area of the 1st premolar. 5. When the stress was loaded only on the 1st premolar, the compressive strength was concentrated uniformly on the abutment and the residual ridge. 6. When the stress was loaded only on the 1st molar, the maximum displacement was shown on the distal part of the residual ridge.