# 한국인 하악치아의 수평적인 위치관계에 관한 연구

• Choi, Seung-Min (Department of Prosthodontics, Division of Dentistry, Graduate School, Kyung Hee University) ;
• Choi, Dae-Gyun (Department of Prosthodontics, Division of Dentistry, Graduate School, Kyung Hee University) ;
• Choi, Boo-Byung (Department of Prosthodontics, Division of Dentistry, Graduate School, Kyung Hee University)
• 최승민 (경희대학교 치과대학 치과보철학교실) ;
• 최대균 (경희대학교 치과대학 치과보철학교실) ;
• 최부병 (경희대학교 치과대학 치과보철학교실)
• Published : 2003.09.30

#### Abstract

It is very important to arrange the artificial teeth correctly in bucco-lingual (labio- lingual) relation in reconstrcting dentition. Although many anatomic landmarks and techniques have been reported over the years, they are based on westerns. So this study was performd to examine the horizontal relations of mandibular teeth in Korean dentulous adults. 200 volunteers(mean age 22.9) who had natural dentition were selected. The impressions were taken with irreversible hydrocolloid impression material and mandibular study models were fabricated using class I dental stone. Then they were measured with 3-dimensional measuring device specially designed for this study. The results were as follows ; It is better to consider the lingual cusps of the lower posterior teeth as a guide than the linguoaxial surfaces of the lower posterior teeth, arranging the lower posterior teeth buccally to the line which starts from the mesial aspect of the lower canine and continue backward to the lingual aspect of the retromolar pad. It is better to arrange the fossae of the lower posterior teeth buccally to the line which starts from the cusp tip of the lower canine and continue backward to the top of the retromolar pad. The positions of the lower posterior teeth in the denture-bearing area ; considering the fossa as a guide, the 2nd premolar was positioned in center. considering the buccal cusp as a guide, the 1st molar and the 2nd molar were positioned in center. the distance ratio(d/a) was incresed constantly from the lower canine to the 2nd molar d ; the distance between the buccal vestibule(the lowest point) and the buccal cusp tips of the lower posterior teeth. a ; the distance between the buccal vestibule(the lowest point) and the lingual vestibule(the lowest point). The lower canine was positioned lingually($0.11{\pm}0.13$) than the labial vestibule, and the central incisor and the lateral incisor were positioned almost in the imaginary perpendicular plane of the labial vestibule(the lowest point).