Full Mouth Rehabilitation in Severely Worn Dentition

심한 교모증 환자의 완전 구강 회복

  • Jung, Jae-Hyun (Dept. of Prosthodontics, College of Dentistry, Chosun University) ;
  • Choi, Min-Ho (Dept. of Prosthodontics, College of Dentistry, Chosun University) ;
  • Park, Young-Rok (Dept. of Prosthodontics, College of Dentistry, Chosun University) ;
  • Kim, Chang-Heon (Dept. of Prosthodontics, College of Dentistry, Chosun University) ;
  • Kang, Dong-Wan (Dept. of Prosthodontics, College of Dentistry, Chosun University)
  • 정재현 (조선대학교 치과대학 보철학교실) ;
  • 최민호 (조선대학교 치과대학 보철학교실) ;
  • 박영록 (조선대학교 치과대학 보철학교실) ;
  • 김창헌 (조선대학교 치과대학 보철학교실) ;
  • 강동완 (조선대학교 치과대학 보철학교실)
  • Published : 2003.09.30


The patient had bruxism and epilepsy tendency. Inadequate or unstable posterior support was identified due to severe anterior attrition and decreased occlusal vertical dimension. Prematurities of posterior occlusal and wear facets increased the function of anterior teeth, resulting in severe wear. Wear facets displayed sharply defined peripheries, which are matched on articulated diagnostic casts. Also the patient showed C III malocclusion tendency, and lost some facial contour with drooping corners on the mouth. In this case, the alteration of OVD (Occlusal Vertical Dimention) may provide a biologically compatible adjunct to the treatment such as dentofacial esthetics, improved visual proportion in facial heightand mechanical solutions to the force-management of the masticatory system. The patient requires extensive restorative treatment to regain appropriate function, esthetics and comfort. According to the report by Farhad Fays, the average vertical distance from the maxillary to the mandibular mucolabial reflection in the region of the central incisors is approximately 34mm. However, the vertical distance of this patient was found to be 32mm, which was necessary to add gauge 20-sheets to apply vertical dimension. A removable occlusal overlay splint, which restores OVD to the estimated optimalposition, is the general first trial. The patient was observed periodically for 6 weeks, while appropriate adjustments were made vertical dimension to function. When patient felt comfortable with the splint, the teeth were prepared, and provisional restorations are placed for 3 months. The provisional restoration was fabricated by a diagnostic wax-up. When the patient felt comfortable with the provisional restoration, the final restoration mimics OVD, function, and esthetics that have been developed in the treatment restorations. Restoration of the extremely worn dentition presents a substantial challenge to thedentists. Therefore, careful evaluation of the etiology, history, and factors associated with occlusal vertical dimension should be preceded prior to the appropriate treatment planning.