A study on the micromotion between the dental implant and superstructure

임플란트와 상부구조물 사이의 micromotion에 관한 연구

  • Kim, Ji-Hye (Department of Prosthodontics, School of Dentistry, Chonbuk National University) ;
  • Song, Kwang-Yeob (Department of Prosthodontics, School of Dentistry, Chonbuk National University) ;
  • Jang, Tae-Yeob (Department of Prosthodontics, School of Dentistry, Chonbuk National University) ;
  • Park, Ju-Mi (Department of Prosthodontics, School of Dentistry, Chonbuk National University)
  • 김지혜 (전북대학교 치과대학 치과보철학교실) ;
  • 송광엽 (전북대학교 치과대학 치과보철학교실) ;
  • 장태엽 (전북대학교 치과대학 치과보철학교실) ;
  • 박주미 (전북대학교 치과대학 치과보철학교실)
  • Published : 2003.03.30


Treatment with implants of single tooth missing cases is both functional and esthetic. Although the success rate of single-tooth implant treatments is increasing, sometimes it makes some problems. Problems with single-tooth implant treatments include soft tissue complications, abutment screw fracture, and most commonly, abutment screw loosening, and these involve the instability of the dental implant-superstructure interface. This study investigated and compared dental implant screw joint micromotion of various implant system with external connection or internal connection when tested under simulated clinical loading, Six groups (N=5) were assessed: (1) Branemark AurAdapt (Nobel Biocare, Goteborg, Sweden), (2) Branemark EsthetiCone (Nobel Biocare, Goteborg, Sweden), (3) Neoplant Conical (Neobiotec, Korea), (4) Neoplant UCLA (Neobiotec, Korea), (5) Neoplant 5.5mm Solid (Neobiotec, Korea), and (6) ITI SynOcta (Institute Straumann, Waldenburg, Switzerland). Six identical frameworks were fabricated. Abutment screws were tightened to 32-35 Ncm and occlusal screw were tightened to 15-20 Ncm with an electronic torque controller. A mechanical testing machine applied a compressive cyclic load of 20kg at 10Hz to a contact point on each implant crown. Strain gauge recorded the micromotion of the screw joint interface once a second. Data were selected at 1, 500, 5,000, 10,000, 20,000, 30,000, 40,000 and 50,000 cycle and 2-way ANOVA test was performed to assess the statistical significance. The results of this study were as follows; The micromotion of the implant-superstructure in the interface increased gradually through 50,000 cycles for all implant systems. In the case of the micromotion according to cycle increase, Neoplant Conical and Neoplant UCLA system exhibited significantly increasing micromotion at the implant-superstructure interface (p<0.05), but others not significant. In the case of the micromotion of the implant-superstructure interface at 50,000 cycle, the largest micromotion were recorded in the Branemark EsthetiCone, sequently followed by Neoplant Conical, Neoplant UCLA, Branemark AurAdapt, ITI SynOcta and Neplant Solid. Internal connection system showed smaller micromotion than external connection system. Specially, Neoplant Solid with internal connection system exhibited significantly smaller micromotion than other implant systems except ITI SynOcta with same internal connection system (p<0.05). In the case of external connection, Branemark EsthetiCone and Neoplant Conical system with abutment showed significantly larger micromotion than Branemark AurAdapt without abutment (p<0.05).