Determination of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in used lubricating car oils

차량용 폐윤활유에 함유된 다환 방향족 탄화수소 (PAHs)의 분석

  • Yoo, Kwang-Sik (School of chemistry and biological science, University of Ulsan) ;
  • Jyoung, Ji-Young (School of chemistry and biological science, University of Ulsan) ;
  • Jeong, Seon-Yi (School of chemistry and biological science, University of Ulsan) ;
  • Woo, Sang-Beom (School of chemistry and biological science, University of Ulsan)
  • 유광식 (울산대학교 자연과학대학 화학생명과학부) ;
  • 정지영 (울산대학교 자연과학대학 화학생명과학부) ;
  • 정선이 (울산대학교 자연과학대학 화학생명과학부) ;
  • 우상범 (울산대학교 자연과학대학 화학생명과학부)
  • Received : 2003.06.18
  • Accepted : 2003.08.05
  • Published : 2003.10.25

Abstract

Determination of some PAHs in used engine oils have been carried out by extraction of the components into acetonitrile followed by GC/FID and synchronous spectrofluorimetric technique. 7 PAHs, such as acenaphthene (Ace), anthracene (Anth), benzo(a)pyrene (BaP), chrysene (Chry), phenanthrene (Phen), fluoranthene (Ft), and perlyrene (Per) in used engine oil sample were able to determine separately by synchronous spectrofluorimetry. Calibration curves for those components were linear for the concentration range of 0.4~166 ppb PAHs with the corelation factor of 0.9985~0.9999. The peak areas produced by GC/FID split ratio program were used for the calibration curves of the other 8 PAHs. Detection sensitivity of the synchronous spectrofluorimetry seems to be 100 times more sensitive than GC/FID method. The total amount of PAHs in the used engine oil were 5.5 ng/g for LNG (bus), 10.5 ng/g for LPG(taxi), 92.2 ng/g for gasoline-passenger car, and 130 ng/g for diesel trailer, respectively.

Keywords

Synchronous Fluorescence Spectrometry PAHs (polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons);Used lubricating oil

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