Biological Control of Aphids on Pepper in Greenhouses Using Aphidius gifuensis

싸리진디벌을 이용한 하우스고추에서 발생하는 진딧물의 생물적 방제

  • Chang, Young-Duck (Department of Applied Biology, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Chungnam National University) ;
  • Jeon, Heuong-Yong (Horticultural Environment Division of National Horticultural Research Institute, RDA)
  • 장영덕 (충남대학교 농업생명과학대학 응용생물학과) ;
  • 전흥용 (농촌진흥청 원예연구소)
  • Published : 2003.06.30

Abstract

The life-cycle of the aphid-parasite, Aphidius gifuensis, took 11.9 days at $25^{\circ}C$ and 12.1 days at $30^{\circ}C$. The female appearance rate of A. gifuensis was the best at $20{\sim}25^{\circ}C$ compared to the other temperatures. Optimum rearing temperature of Aphidius gifuensis was $20{\sim}25^{\circ}C$ Optimum temperatures for A. gifuensis emergence were $20^{\circ}C$ and $25^{\circ}C$ with 99.1% and 98.2%, respectively. However the emergence rate of Aphidius gifuensis was 58.8% at $10^{\circ}C$. There was a positive correlation between A. gifuensis adult activity and temperature, but there was a negative correlation between developmental period of Myzus persicae nymph and temperature. Among the pests occurring in pepper greenhouse, dominant species was M. persicae and its density was 6~1,024 per plant. The damaged fruit rate by Helicoverpa assulta was 3.3~53.3%. The number of aphid and mummy in the A. gifuensis released plot were 173.5 and 10 in June, 1.8 and 17 in July, 2000, respectively. The numbers of Aphidius gifuensis were 7.5 and 0.4 in May, 27.1 and 2.1 in June, 2001, respectively. The suppressive effects on M. persicae in A. gifuensis released plot was better than the control plot, but there was no significant difference compared to the pesticide-sprayed plot. The first leaf length and the stem width in the A. gifuensis released plot, the control plot, and the pesticide-sprayed plot were not significantly different, but the A. gifuensis released plot showed the highest yield among the plots.