A Case of Keratitis, Ichthyosis and Deafness(KID) Syndrome

Keratitis, Ichthyosis, and Deafness(KID) 증후군 1례

  • Kim, Lan (Department of Pediatrics, Soon Chun Hyang University College of Medicine) ;
  • Lee, Dong Hwan (Department of Pediatrics, Soon Chun Hyang University College of Medicine)
  • 김란 (순천향대학교 의과대학 소아과학교실) ;
  • 이동환 (순천향대학교 의과대학 소아과학교실)
  • Received : 2003.06.25
  • Accepted : 2003.09.05
  • Published : 2003.11.15


KID syndrome was named after the initials of the major three symptoms of the disease; keratitis, ichthyosis, and deafness. The syndrome was first introduced by Dr. Burns in 1915 who described one of his patients with those symptoms. In 1981, Dr. Skinner and his colleagues reported 17 patients who had keratitis, ichthyosis, and deafness. They also called the disease KID syndrome for the first time. After that, there have been only 60 cases of KID syndrome reported. KID syndrome may be presented with neurosensory deafness, vascularizing keratitis and such skin disorders as ichthyosis, ichthyosiform skin eruptions, and alopecia. Also, those with KID syndrome may suffer from repetitive infections, dental affections, hypohidrosis, growth delay and hepatic and renal abnormalities. The authors report the first case of KID syndrome in Korea with some references. The patient presented with keratitis, neurosensory deafness, and such characteristic skin disorders as ichthyosis and hyperkeratosis.